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BV 4315 .P6^867^ 
Plumer, William S. 1802- 

Words of truth and love 

/ ^ 

Do all the good you can. 

Page 61. 


FEB 281912 

OF V >. ^ 

^SICAL «^ 



"Wilt thou not from this time cry unto me, My Father, thou art 
the guide of my youth ?" — Jee. iii. 4. 



Entered according to Act of Congress, in tlie year 1867, by 



in the Clerk's Office of tlie District Court for the Eastern District 

of Pennsylvania. 




I. The Holy Child Jesus 5 

II. Cain and Abel 12 

III. Names given to the Wicked 19 

IV. Names given to the Righteous 25 

V. How you may know a child 31 

VI. Children should know the Scriptures 37 

VII. Faith in Christ 44 

VIII. A Visit to my Old Home 51 

IX. Do all the good you can 60 

X. The child that was ready to perish 65 

XL Meroh, the African '^3 




XII. Let poor boys be of good courage 83 

XIII. A ride in the pine woods 91 

XIV. Money 101 

XV. Rules for Children 108 

XVI. The Angels. They take care of Children 114 

XVII. Counsels for Children 120 




Jesus Cheist was the only child ever born 
that did not have a sinful nature. It is very 
fit, therefore, that pious men should call him 
the holy child Jesus. Acts iv. 27. The angel 
who foretold his birth to Mary said, ''That 
holy thing which shall be born of thee shall 
be called the Son of God." Luke i. 35. 
From the first, Christ's whole nature was 
pure. He never sinned. In childhood, youth 
and manhood he was holy. While he was 
yet a suckling, he had Christian graces in ex- 
ercise, Ps. xxii. 9. He never had one wicked 
feeling. He cherished no sinful thought. 
He never spoke an evil word. He never did 
1 * 5 


a wrong act. The longer he lived, the more 
did he prove his spotless purity. He grew 
in favour with God and man. Luke ii. 52. 
Let us note some things. 

I. Jesus Christ was always true. He lied 
to no one. He deceived no one. He made 
up no stories to amuse or mislead mankind. 
He was truth itself. Other children go 
astray as soon as they are born, speaking 
lies, Ps. Iviii. 3. So strong is this bias that 
it requires all the wisdom of good parents to 
check it. But Jesus loved truth and hated 
every false way. 

II. Jesus Christ was just He wronged no 
one. His thoughts were just. His w^ords 
were just. His deeds were just. Though 
Lord of all, he was willing to live and die 
poor, rather than to seem to claim that which 
was not his own. He never cheated any one. 
He often gave up his own rights. He never 
made others give up their rights for him. 
If all the world were as just as Jesus Christ 
was, there would be a speedy end of all strife. 

III. Jesus Christ was hi7id. His heart 


was full of tenderness and gentleness. He 
pitied like a God. He said and did more 
kind things than any could read lin a long 
lifetime, if they were fully written. Jolin xxi. 
25. Never did he by harshness drive any 
one away from him. Some thought he did 
not care for little children. But they were 
wholly mistaken. Matt. xix. 13-15, Mark 
X. 13-16, Luke xviii. 16. Jesus loved chil- 
dren as none else ever did. He died for 
them no less than for their parents. Is it not 
strange that every one does not love Jesus ? 
He is so loving and so lovely. None has 
done so much for us all. He is full of grace 
and mercy. 

IV. Jesus Christy was devout. He loved 
prayer and praise. He loved to think on 
God. He loved the Bible, and the Sabbath, 
and the house of God. Even after walking 
in the day over the dusty plains of Judea 
he used to retire and spend the night where 
prayer was wont to be made. Luke vi. 12. 
He loved God, and God loved him. His 
fellowship was with his Father. 


V. Jesus Christ hept the whole law of God, 
He broke no precept. He came short in noth- 
ing. He thought, and felt, and said, and did all 
that the law required. He never did, or 
said, or felt, or thought anything that it for- 

So that there was no flaw in his character. 
Neither God nor man had any cause to find 
fault with him. By a voice from heaven, 
God said, "This is my beloved Son, in 
whom I am well pleased." The holy an- 
gels and the spirits of just men made per- 
fect in heaven find great joy in admiring 
him. The judge that sat on his trial, more 
than once said, "I find no fault in him." 
Mohammed, who sat up a kingdom opposed 
to Christ, did not deny that Jesus was pure 
and holy. Even worse infidels, who have 
blasphemed the Bible, profaned the Sabbath, 
mocked at holy worship, and laughed at holy 
people, have been forced to say, that the good 
name of Jesus Christ was spotless. ISTone 
ever proved a fault on him. 

Is Jesus Christ holy, harmless, and unde- 


filed? Then he is fit to be our Prophet, Priest 
and King. We could not trust a Mediator, 
who, like ourselves, was vile and an offence 
unto God. A sinner could not stand between 
sinners and a holy God. A sinner might as 
well answer for himself as have anotlier sin- 
ner to defend him. Because Jesus was with- 
out sin, he could bear the sin of many. A 
lamb for sacrifice must be without spot or 
blemish. It is for a joy to all good men 
that the Redeemer is himself without sin. 

If we would be saved, we must flee to 
Christ. He is the only refuge, the only Re- 
fleemer of lost men. 

If we would be saved, we must become 
like Christ. That requires a great change 
which can be wrought only by the power of 
the Holy Ghost. He alone can change the 
vile heart, and cure the love and habit of sin- 
ning. Old or young we must all be born 
again. If we are ever to be saved, God must 
take the heart of stone out of our flesh, and 
give us a heart of flesh. Else our hardness 
of heart will forever render us unfit for 


heaven. Oh, that each one would cry might- 
ily to God to give him a new heart, and to 
put a right spirit within him. God will give 
his Holy Spirit to them that ask him. 

Let us search . and try our w^ays, and find 
out how wicked we are. Let us not deceive 
ourselves. Many think that they are some- 
thing, when they are nothing. It is not easy 
to learn the whole truth about our own evil 
hearts. Let us be candid. Self-love blinds 
us. Let us be thorough and look at the dark 
signs as well as pleasant ones. Let us not 
hold fast deceit. Many perish because they 
are not willing to know the truth about them- 
selves. If we love darkness, it will ruin us. 
Let us not spare our own faults. He is our 
friend, who kindly tells us of our sins. It 
will be a dreadful thing to wake up at the 
close of life and find that we are lost forever. 

If we do not kill sin, it will kill us. If 
we do not put it to death, it will bring on us 
a death that never dies. Some Hindoos make 
men shudder by carrying venomous serpents 
in their bosoms. Those, who thus carry them, 


think they have tamed them, so that they will 
not bite. Perhaps it is so. But every sin, 
secret or open, great or small, works death to 
the soul. It is full of deadly poison. 

What a happy place heaven will be! No 
sin enters that house not made with hands. 
Every one that has ever passed from earth to 
the joys which are at God's right hand, is 
entirely like Christ. Blessed be God, in 
heaven we shall never, never sin. Satan, the 
tempter, never comes there. The worship of 
that upper temple is never marred by evil 
thoughts. Even on earth when we by faith 
see God in Christ, we are changed into the 
same image from glory to glory, as by the 
Spirit of the Lord. But in heaven, the work 
shall be finished. Not a spot shall appear on 
the soul of any one saved. 




The first child ever born was Cain; the 
second, AbeL The word Cain signifies a pos- 
session. It is thought that this name was 
given him, because his mother hoped that he 
was to be a great blessing to the world. She 
probably looked on him as the promised Mes- 
siah. She said, "I have gotten a man from 
the Lord." Perhaps it might better read, 
"I have gotten the man Jehovah." The 
word Abel signifies vanity. By the time he 
was born, his parents had learned much of 
the vanity of the Avorld. Perhaps too, Cain 
had begun to show signs of those wicked dis- 
positions, which clearly proved that he was 
not the seed of the woman, who was to bruise 
the serpent's head. Before his fall, Adam had 
wisely given names to all the creatures that 


God had made. Now that he was a sinner. 

he knew not how to give fit names even to 
his own children. Cain was far more a vanity 
than Abel. Abel was a far richer possession 
than Cain. A bad man may have a good 
name. Many a base man has been called 
George Washington. 

Cain w^as a tiller of the ground. It is 
probable that he made good crops, and was 
quite a thrifty farmer. His garners may 
have been well filled. Abel was a keeper 
of sheep. His chief business was the care 
of his flocks. No doubt God blessed him in 
his labour. Of the early history of these two 
persons, we know nothing now. They were 
both instructed in the true religion. They 
both knew that Jehovah was the living God. 
"In process of time," or, at the end of days, 
meaning, as some think, at the end of the 
year, each of them made an offering to God. 
Here the real difference between them ap- 
peared. They both worshipped the Lord. 
They both sacrificed. The worship of one may 
have been as costly, as decent, and as solemn 


as that of the other. Yet their worship was 
very diiferent. Their hearts were not in the 
same state. God cares nothing for mere forms, 
nor for the splendour of religious rites. Rivers 
of oil, the gold of Ophir, and the cattle on a 
thousand hills are his already. 

The kinds of oifering were different. Cain's 
was at most a thank-oifering ; but Abel's was 
a sin-oifering. Cain did not confess that he 
was guilty and needed pardon. Far from 
this, he was proud and self-sufficient. He 
thought very well of himself. He had no 
sins to confess. He was not bowed down 
under a sense of his vileness. He wept no 
tears of penitence. He was willing, after a 
fashion, to give thanks for temporal mercies. 

On the other hand, Abel Avas humble. He 
felt that he was a sinner, and needed a Sa- 
viour. He saw that he had broken the per- 
fect law of God. He felt that that law was 
good in its precept, and good in its penalty. 
Abel saw that there was no hope for him, 
except in atoning blood, of which the blood 
of a lamb was a type. 


Cain does not seem to have felt that God 
had any strong claims upon him. He denied 
that the Lord had a rig4it to prescribe the 
worship which was to be offered him. Neither 
by word nor deed did Cain make any confes- 
sions. He was willing to pay such worship 
as his parents might have offered in Eden, be- 
fore their fall. A great defect of his service 
was his entire want of regard to the char- 
acter of God as holy, just, true, and right- 
eous, hating sin, and yet offering mercy by 
Jesus Christ. 

But Abel had his eye turned to the Lamb 
of God that taketh away the sin of the world. 
He saw Christ's day, and rejoiced in it. His 
mind was fixed on the Redeemer, which 
should yet stand upon the earth. 

The great difference between these two wor- 
shippers was that Abel had true, living faith ; 
and Cain had none. Abel took God at his 
word ; while Cain set up for himself. Abel 
obeyed ; while Cain rebelled. Abel adopted 
the religion of sinners, because he saw that 
he was a sinner; Cain preferred the religion 


of sinless beings, as he vainly esteemed him- 
self such. Abel cried, God be merciful to 
me, a sinner ; Cain came thanking God that 
he was a good man. In worshipping, Abel 
sought expiation and propitiation ; Cain set 
up to worship God as if he were innocent like 
the angeJs in heaven. Abel relied on the 
great High Priest, who should yet shed his 
blood for the remission of the sins of many. 
In the sight of God, Cain denied that he 
needed any such sacrifice. All worship 
which leaves out of view the work of Christ 
for us, is worthless. God justly rejects us, 
when we reject his Son. 

Abel and his worship were accepted. Cain 
and his worship were rejected. The offering 
of neither of them merited anything. But 
through grace, God accepted Abel and his 
offering; while he justly rejected Cain, be- 
cause his sacrifice was an insult. It was 
false and heartless. It was a reproach to 
Christ. God accepted the offering of Abel, 
and rejected that of Cain in some manner 
that was well understood. The sign in such 


cases often was that fire came down from 
heaven and consumed the sacrifice which 
God approved; while the rejected offering 
was not burned. Cain clearly understood 
that God did not approve his course. He as 
clearly saw that his brother Abel was a friend 
of God. Thus malice sprang up in the heart 
of the older brother. 

His bosom was filled with cruel wrath. 
He had good cause to be displeased with him- 
self: he had no right to find fault with God 
or with Abel. 

Hatred is murder in the heart. Cain was 
not held in check by the fear of God. His 
envy racked his bosom. He sought and took 
the life of his younger brother, and that be- 
cause he was a child of God. Thus Abel 
became the first martyr in the cause of truth. 
He, being dead, yet speaketh to us. On his 
death his soul went up to worship around the 
throne of God. He never has been sorry for 
all he did and suffered in the cause of God. 
He has long beheld the face of that Jesus, 
whose death he, by faith, foresaw. He is 

2 * 


blessed forever. No tear ever drops from 
his eye. No sorrow ever presses his heart. 
He is glorified with Christ, whom he honoured 
in life and in death. He gave to God the 
firstlings of his flock. Better than all he gave 
to Gofl his life, his heart, his soul. 

Gain has the fearful distinction of having shed 
the first human blood. For that crime he was 
expelled from the church of God. But even 
against this mild sentence he rebelled, saying, 
"My punishment is greater than I can bear." 
He was left in the world as a warning to men 
not to commit murder. He lived a long 
time, and left many children ; but as far as 
we know, his whole career was that of a 
wicked man. Long since, he passed from 
earth and stood before the Judge of all. If 
he died in his sins, how dreadful his doom. 



I>: the Bible we read of the children of 
Belial, and of the sons of Belial, 1 Kings xxi. 
13, 1 Sam. XXV. 17, 2 Sam. xxiii. 6. The 
word Belial signifies icitliout "profit. A child 
of Belial is one who is worthless, bad, wicked. 
The word Belial is in the Bible rendered 
wicked, Ps. ci. 3, evil, Ps. xli. 8, ungodly, 
Prov. xvi. 27, and naugJity, Prov. vi. 12. 

Because worthlessness is followed by de- 
struction, Belial came to signify destruction. 
In the New Testament, Belial clearly means 
Satan, 2 Cor. vi. 15. All the wicked are chil- 
dren of Belial. 

Sometimes the wicked are called children 
of the devil. Satan is the great foe of God 
and man. He is the chief of the fallen 
angels. He is cruel and has no pity. He 


seeks to do all the harm he can. He is a liar, 
an accuser, a murderer. Because he has great 
power, he is called the prince of this world, 
and the god of this world. Through a ser- 
pent he tempted Adam and Eve, and so he is 
called the dragon, that old serpent, the devil. 
Because he seeks to frighten people from that 
which is good, he is called a roaring lion. 
Because in evil, he excels all others, he is 
called that Wicked One. To be a child of 
the devil is to be like the devil, false, cruel, 
deceitful, malignant, hating God and man. 
The devil has many children in this world. 
They do as he bids them. They love what 
he loves, and hate what he hates. Thus they 
are his children, John viii. 44. The proud, 
the fierce, the malicious, the cunning, the 
bloody are all the children of the devil. Many 
men, alas, even on earth bear a great deal 
more of the image of the devil and of the 
brute, than they do of likeness to God. 

Sometimes the wicked are called the chil- 
dren of hell. Matt, xxiii. 15. Hell is the 
abode of fallen angels and of lost men. A 


child of hell, therefore, is one who has the 
spirit of those who are in hell. It is an awful 
thought that, by their sins, men often make 
earth very much like hell. 

We are all by nature the chiklren of wrath, 
Eph. ii. 3. The meaning is, we are born un- 
der a curse. This is the fruit of original sin. 
The guilt and vileness of our state at birth 
are dreadful. 

Sometimes the wicked are called strange 
children, Ps. cxliv. 7, 11. Sinners are stran- 
gers to God. They know neither the Father, 
nor the Son, nor the Holy Spirit. They are 
strangers to truth, to peace, to love, and to 

It is a dreadful thino^ to be a sinner. All 
the wicked are rebels against God. They are 
the enemies of the Lord. They lift their 
puny arms against the Most High. They 
fight against Jehovah. They live under his 
curse. They may be cut down at any moment, 
and then they are undone forever. It were 
better to be a stone or a beast than to live and 


die a sinner, yea, it were better never to have 
been born than to die out of Christ. 

It is a great mercy that Christ died for us. 
He came not to call the righteous, but sinners 
to repentance. He did not lay down his life 
for friends, but for foes. His grace is rich 
and free, and knows no bound. Oh, that all 
would receive it ! We all need it. Jesus 
Christ never casts out any that come to him, 
John vi. 37. He never despises the poor 
broken-hearted penitent. Oh come to Christ ! 
He is the best friend young or old have. He 
died the just for the unjust. When on earth, 
he took little children in his arms and blessed 

If up to this time, God has made you 
happy, give him the glory. He is the author 
of all your blessings. Praise him for all the 
good things you enjoy. They all come from 
his undeserved goodness. You merit none of 
them. Surely you owe to God many, many 
thanks for his great mercy. If one had no 
sins but those of childhood, or of manhood, 
or sins of the tongue, or sins against parents, 


or secret sins, or sins of omission, the grace 
offered us, and the pity shown us, would be 
infinite. But when God offers to forgive all 
our sins, we might think that even the blind 
would see that his mercy did reach unto the 
heavens. Oh let us praise him I 

Had I ten thousand, thousand tongues, 

Not one should silent be; 
Had I ten thousand, thousand hearts, 

I'd give them all to thee. 

We can now see why God in his word 
makes such terrible threatenings. It is because 
sin is so hateful. Many texts in the Bible 
might well make the wicked tremble. Here 
are a few of them. "God is angry with the 
wicked everyday." "The Avicked shall be 
turned into hell, and all the nations that for- 
get God." "His own iniquities shall take 
the wicked himself, and he shall be holdeu 
with the cords of his sins. He shall die 
without instruction ; and in the greatness of 
his folly he shall go astray." The loving Sa- 
viour himself said, "If ye believe not that I 
am he, ye shall die in your sins." God's plan 


is to give timely warnings in plain words. 
The Scriptures are not harsh, though they tell 
the truth. The reason why we find such aw- 
ful language in the Bible is, that it justly 
portrays the danger and the doom of the 

Let each one now turn to the Lord. O 
sinner, now is your time. Your life is a 
vapour. It will soon be gone forever. Why 
are you so little affected with eternal things ? 
Why do the affairs of time so engross your 
mind ? Are you blind ? Are you mad ? Are 
you dead in sin? Are you bent on ruin? 
Lord Jesus, open the blind eyes, cure the 
madness that is within us, clothe us in our 
right mind, reach forth thy strong hand and 
pluck us as brands from the burning. By 
thy Spirit raise us up to newness of life. Help 
us to live as seeing things invisible. 

" Deeply on our thoughtless hearts, 
Eternal things impress." 




In Scripture various names are given to 
the pious. They are called children of God, 
and the children of their Father which is 
in heaven. In three ways, pious men are 
God's children. 

1. By adoption. God finds them poor, 
helpless orphans and outcasts ; and of his 
mere mercy and grace, he brings them into 
his family. Thus they become his sons, heirs 
of God and joint-heirs w^ith Jesus Christ. 
This is a chief act of God's love to men. In 
us there is nothing to merit the divine esteem. 
Nor can we be useful to God, as a man is use- 
ful to his fellow. Out of mere love and pity, 
God gives us the adoption of sons. 

2. The pious are God's children by regener- 
ation. Men are not Christians by being 



born, but by being born again. We are not 
saints by creation, but by a new creation. 
This is a great work wrought in us by the 
Holy Ghost. It is all his own work, not ours. 
He says, "I will sprinkle clean water upon 
you, and ye shall be clean : from all your filthi- 
ness, and from all your idols will I cleanse 
you. A new heart also will I give you, and 
a new spirit will I put within you: and I will 
take away the stony heart out of your flesh, 
and I will give you an heart of flesh. And I 
will put my Spirit within you, and cause you 
to walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my 
judgments, and do them." Ezek. xxxvi. 25-27. 
Nothing worse can come on old or young than 
to die without being born again. We must 
be created anew in Christ Jesus unto good 
works, or we must lie down in sorrow. 

3. The pious are God's children by imita- 
tion. In their measure they are like God. 
He is their great pattern. They follow him, 
Jesus says: "Love your enemies, bless them 
which curse you, do good to them that hate 
you, and pray for them which despitefully use 


you and persecute you ; that ye may be the 
children of your Father which is in heaven : 
for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and 
on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and 
on the unjust." Matt. v. 44, 45. It is a great 
thing to imitate God. 

The pious are also called children of the 
light, John xii. 36. This name is given to 
them because they have been brought out of 
darkness into the marvellous lip:ht of the p-os- 
pel. They also love the light, and come to 
the light, that their deeds may be manifest, 
that they are wrought in God. Above all, 
they love Jesus Christ, who is the light of 
the world. All the pious walk in the light 
of truth, and in the light of hope. All the 
light they have comes from God by the cross 
and merits and person of Jesus Christ. 

The pious are also called the children of 
wisdom. Matt. xi. 19. Sometimes wisdom is 
one of the names of the Saviour, who himself 
calls his people his children. John xxi. 5. 
Jesus is the everlasting Father, Isa. ix. 6, and 
liis people are his children. But the phrase 


cJiildren of wisdom is a Hebrew form of ex- 
pression, and means wise children. God's 
people are so far wise that they prefer eternity 
to time, the soul to the body, heaven to earth, 
and God to all others. They are wise in lay- 
ing up treasure in heaven, in forsaking the 
world, in dying unto sin, and in living unto 
God. All men, whether saved or lost, will 
at the last day say that none but the righteous 
are truly wise. They are wise for themselves. 
They are wise unto salvation. 

God's people are called little children, 1 
John iv. 4. They are little because they are 
as nothing compared with God their Father, 
with Christ their Saviour, or with the Holy 
Spirit, their Comforter. They are little be- 
cause in themselves they are feeble and help- 
less. And they are little in their own esteem, 
less than the least of all God's mercies. And 
then they are like little children. Matt, xviii, 
3, Mark x. 15, Luke xviii. 17. 

1. Little children are docile. They do not 
deny the truth of what their good parents 
tell them. They are willing to learn. They 


cry after knowledge, and lift up their voice for 
understanding. They buy the truth at any 
price. They often cry, Teach me thy statutes, 
O Lord. 

2. Little children are humble. Their hearts 
are not puffed up with pride. The little child 
of the king plays on equal terms with the lit- 
tle child of his nurse. Like their Saviour, 
God's people are lowly. They do not say to 
others, ^' Stand by thyself, I am holier than 
thou." They do not trust in themselves that 
they are righteous and despise others. 

3. They are meeh and not spiteful. They 
hate strife. It grieves them to the heart to 
contend with men. Not one of them " would 
give an hour of brotherly love for a whole 
eternity of contention." 

4. Little children are forgiving. They do 
not carry grudges. The sun does not go down 
upon their wrath, nor is their anger outrageous. 
So God's people forgive. Yes, they forgive 
and they forget. 

And God's people are little compared with 
what thoy shall be, 1 John iii. 2. As Christ 
3 * 


in his exaltation differs very much from Christ 
in his humiliation, not in heart but in state. 
not in person but in glory, so shall it be with 
all his people. 

The righteous are also called children of the 
resurrection, Luke xx. 36. To them, not to 
the wicked, it will be a blessing to be raised 
from the dead. They will come forth with 
unspeakable and everlasting joy. They shall 
have part in the first resurrection, 1 Thess. iv. 
16, Rev. XX. 6. 

These are a few of the names which God 
gives to those that love him. There are many 
others just as precious. All of them show 
how loving the Lord is, and how dear his peo- 
ple are to him. 

Are we meet to bear such names ? Do we 
love God, his law, his children, his worship ? 
If we die as we now are, shall we be saved ? 

It is a great thing to be a child of God. 
Nothing can harm such in this world or the 
next. None can pluck them out of the Sa- 
viour's hand. They shall have heaven at 
last, with all its infinite blessings. 




Every child is making for himself a good 
or a bad name. !N^o boy or girl walks abroad 
without making some impression on behold- 
ers. In a court of law the character of a 
child could readily be established by the 
neighbours. They know who is gentle and 
who is fierce, who is mean and who is noble, 
who is modest and who is impudent, who is 
wise and who is foolish. You may know a 

But you cannot know him by his size. 
There is many a great, big fool, and many a 
sweet, little darling. It is very well to be 
tall and strong, if God makes us so. But 
King Saul who was head and shoulders above 
his nation, was a poor creature, while Saul of 
Tarsus, whom all tradition represents as a 


omall man, was one of the noblest specimens 
of human nature. 

Nor can you know a child by his looks. 
Some children, who have very homely faces, 
have fine characters ; and some whose faces 
are very pretty, show by their conduct that 
they have very bad hearts. When God sent 
Samuel to anoint one of Jesse's sons, that great 
prophet thought that Eliab was the one that 
God had chosen. But he was mistaken. The 
Lord said to him: ''Look not on his counte- 
nance, or on the height of his stature; be- 
cause I have refused him : for the Lord seeth 
not as man seeth; for man looketh on the 
outward appearance, but the Lord looketh on 
the heart." Absalom was a fine-looking man ; 
but no man is found to admire his character. 
A pleasant face and a right heart do not 
always go together. 

Nor can you tell a child by his talk. The 
speech of some children is as smooth as but- 
ter; but the poison of asps is under their lips. 
They use many fair words; but they are guilty 
of foul d'eeds. They make great promises; 


but they do not keep them. They abound 
in professions, but their practice is bad. 
Words are cheap. They do not prove any- 

Nor can a child be known by his parents. 
They may be very worthy people, and yet he 
may be vile and wicked. Sometimes the pa- 
rents are the evil ones, while their children 
fear and love God. 

Nor can you tell a child by his clothes. 
The butterfly is very gay in its dress ; yet it 
is nothing but a vile caterpillar that has lately 
gotten wings. The finest furs are taken from 
vermin. Good clothing is a great comfort. 
If we have it, we should be thankful for it ; 
but vice is often clad in the best suits, and 
virtue goes in patched clothes. 

And yet a child may be known ; yea, he is 
known by his doings. Prov. xx. 11. 

1. You may know him by the companions 
he cJiooses. A good boy may be thrown 
among bad ones ; but he does not love to 
mingle with them. A dear, sweet girl may 
live for awhile with others of an opposite 


character; but they are not her boon compa- 
nions. But when you see a child willing to 
be alone rather than to go with the wicked, 
find him seeking to be with those who are 
kind and gentle, and fear God, there is great 
hope of him. 

2. A child may be known by the books he 
selects. If he loves nothing but vain stories, 
or idle songs, there is not much hope of him. 
It is a sad sign when a child cares nothing 
for sound knowledge, and thinks every book 
dull, if it teaches true wisdom. But we can- 
not fail to expect good of the child that loves 
good books; and especially the best of all 
books, the book of books, the Bible. 

3. A child may be known by the way 
he acts in school. If he is sly and cunning, 
if he slights his lessons, if he is rude to his 
school-mates, and impudent to his teacher; 
then you may know that not much good 
is likely to come of him. But if he is 
true and earnest, if he tries his best every 
day, if he is respectful to his teacher, there 
is not much risk in being surety for him. 


4. You may know a good deal about a 
child when you see him at play. If he cheats, 
if he does not play fairly, if he does little 
mean things, if he is easily made angry, if he 
is ready to quarrel, if he does not stand up for 
the truth, even when it is against him or those 
on his side; there is great danger that things 
will not end well with him. But if he owns 
up to all that happens against him, if when 
he does wrong, he says so in a manly way, if 
he finds his pleasure in being open and truth- 
ful, come what will, then mark that boy. He 
shall not stand among mean men. 

5. A child may be known by the way he 
behaves in GocVs Jioiose. The church is no 
place to sleep in. We should not go there to 
gaze idly about, much less to whisper, or smile, 
or play. It is a sin when young people be- 
have so that older ones must reprove them. 
But when a child goes to God's house, listens 
to what is said, loves the truth and in his 
heart worships God, and thinks the Sabbath 
the best day of the week; then you may know 
that he is growing up to be worth something. 


6. You may often find out a child when he 
is sich. If he is peevish, fretful, will not 
take his medicine, is angry with his kind 
nurse and with his good doctor, and will not 
obey his parents, and lie in bed when he ought 
to do so, then you may be justly afraid that 
all is not right with him. But when in sick- 
ness, he makes the best of every thing, and 
does not willingly give needless trouble, but 
is quiet and gentle, then you may think well 
of him. 




"The Bible is a lake along the shores of 
which a lamb may wade ; but in the midst of 
it an elephant may swim." In the Scriptures 
is milk for babes, as well as meat for strong 
men. The Bible is full of things that suit 
children. It tells them of God, and of duty, 
of sin and of its fruits, of heaven and of hell. 
It abounds in stories well suited to impress 
truth on the mind and heart. It tells of the 
love of God in giving his Son Jesus Christ to 
die for poor sinners. It inspires salutary hopes 
and fears. It rids us of such as are idle. It 
is the word of God which liveth and abideth 
forever. Children ought to know the Scrip- 

I. It is the duty of parents to teach God's 
word. Of course it is the duty of children 
to learn it. Hear what God says : 



"These words which I command thee this 
day, shall be in thine heart : and thou shalt 
teach them diligently unto thy children, and 
shalt talk of them when thou sittest in thine 
house, and when thou walkest by the way, and 
when thou liest down, and when thou risest 
up. And thou shalt bind them for a sign 
upon thine hand, and they shall be as front- 
lets between thine eyes. And thou shalt 
write them upon the posts of thine house, and 
on thy gates." Deut. vi. 6-9. So that noth- 
ing is clearer than that children are to be 
familiarly and carefully instructed in the 

II. One of the most useful preachers in the 
days of Paul was Timothy. His father was 
a Greek; his mother was a Jewess. This 
young minister did and suffered much for the 
gospel. He was very useful. He loved Paul 
and Paul loved him. The faith and prayers 
and teachings of Timothy's mother and grand- 
mother were honored as the means of his sal- 
vation. They did not put oif teaching him 
^ill sin and ignorance had made his heart 


hard. No! Paul says to him, " From a child 
thou hast known the Holy Scriptures, which 
are able to make thee wise unto salvation 
through faith which is in Christ Jesus." 2 
Tim. iii. 15. One of the best ways to train 
up a right sort of Christians and ministers is 
to teach them God's Word when they are 

III. Jesus himself said, '^ Search the Scrip- 
tures ; for in them ye think ye have eternal 
life : and they are they w^iich testify of me." 
John V. 39. When Christ thus spake, there 
were no Scriptures, but those books which we 
now call The Old Testament, in which are 
many things dark and difficult. Surely the 
New Testament is more clear than the old. 
Yet Jesus said. Search the Scriptures, If men 
had believed Moses, they would have believed 
Christ. John v. 46. 

Many other things prove that it is the duty 
of all to learn God's will as made known in 
the Bible. 

But if children would know the Scriptures 
so as to be wise unto salvation, they must 


have a right spirit. This can come from God 
only. Many who know the truth wickedly 
trifle with it. Let us then: 

1. Greatly fear God. When the lion roars, 
the lesser animals are said to keep silence. If 
the king of the forest is thus feared, surely 
the voice of the King of kings should make 
us afraid. Let us serve God with reverence 
and with godly fear. 

2. Let our fear be mingled with love — a 
love that brings us nigh to God, that holds 
him fast, and will not let him go. Mere fear 
will drive us away from the Most High, and 
mere love will sink into fondness ; but love 
and fear united will keep us in a right state. 

3. Then we must think of what we learn. 
We must con it over and over again. Chil- 
dren are bound to reflect. Their minds were 
given them for that end. If God shall ever 
save us, he will put us to thinking on the 
truth and on his claims upon us. 

4. If we would learn aright, we must pray. 
He who made us can rightly teach us. If he 
loves us, he will certainly not give us up to 


folly. His promise to the church is : " All 
thy children shall be taught of the Lord.'' 
Isa. liv. 13. Let children learn to pray. 
Light and life come from God. 

5. Children should believe all that God 
says. In young or old, unbelief is very 
wicked. Without faith it is impossible to 
please God. The Bible is not a book of 
dreams, or of fables. It is full of truth which 
we are bound to love. 

6. Children should practise what they learn. 
Practice makes perfect. He that does as well 
as he knows will know better and better. 

If any child has no Bible of his own, let 
him ask for one, or let him sell all his toys 
and buy one. Let him keep it with care. 
Let him read it daily. It is better to lack 
anything else than to be without God's word. 

It is a solemn thing to have a chance to 

know the truths of the Bible, and yet not to 

learn them; or to know what the Bible 

teaches, and yet have no heart to do it. In 

the day of judgment it will be better to have 
4 » 


been a poor heathen, who never heard of 
Christ than to have been born in a Christian 
land, and to have lived and died in sin. To 
every child God says, "Give me thy heart." 
We ought to know and love and serve the 
great and good Being that made us. He has 
a right to our hearts. It is very wicked not 
to know and love God and Jesus Christ whom 
he has sent. 

The Bible can teach children how to live. 
It is a light that shineth in darkness. It 
shows us the way in which we should walk. 
It has lit up the path of thousands. 

Then, too, it can help us to die. Its truths 
have cheered many a child about to bid fare- 
well to earth. In a heathen land, a few years 
since, a boy died happily among strangers. 
A missionary coming to the town, wdiere his 
body was a corpse, heard of him, and asked 
the people what he said and did. They told 
him that the boy talked of one Jesus, and had 
a little book which he pressed to his bosom, 
and asked that it might be put under his head, 
when he was buried. The little book was one 


of the Gospels. Jesus did not forsake the 
poor little boy dying among strangers. A 
thousand times he has helped little children 
to die. 




Teue faith is a great gift of God. It is a 
precious grace. By it is the life of the soul. 
It is a rich fruit of Christ's mediation. He 
is its Author and Finisher. He is its cause 
and its object. The agent who works faith in 
us is the Holy Spirit. He glorifies Christ by 
bringing us to put all our trust in him. 

What is faith in Christ? AVhat does one 
do when he believes on the Son of God ? On 
this point many err. The learned and the 
ignorant may here make a sad mistake. The 
matter is of great weight. Let every one be 
candid with his own soul. 

Sometimes faith is called coming to Christ 
Jesus himself so speaks of it: "Come unto 
me, all ye that labour and are heavy-laden^ 
and I will give you rest;" "Him that cometh 


to me I will in no wise cast out." To 
cr)me to Christ is to have such a state of heart 
as would lead one, if Christ were on earth, to 
come to him in person, and ask him for grace 
and mercy on his own terms. One poor 
woman came to him very stealthily, she was 
very much afraid, but she came and touched 
him and got the blessing. The Canaanitish 
woman came with a very low esteem of her- 
self, but she was not offended in Christ. 
Nothing could drive her away from him. So 
we must feel as these women did. It is right 
for us to have a deep sense of our sins, but 
we must rely on Christ. 

Sometimes faith is called looking to Christ, 
"Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends 
of the earth : for I am God, and there is none 
else;" "They shall look upon me whom they 
have pierced ;" " Run with patience the race 
that is set before us, looking unto Jesus." 
Of old the Israelites, bitten by the fiery ser- 
pent, were bidden to direct their eyes to the 
brazen serpent; and as many as looked were 
healed. "And as Moses lifted up the serpent in 


the wilderness, even so must the Son of man 
be lifted up: that whosoever believeth in him 
should not perish, but have eternal life." Chil- 
dren, do you hear that? Is it not good news? 
Did you ever hear better ? 

To have faith in Christ is to receive him. 
Thus Zaccheus received him not only civilly 
as his guest, and kindly as his countryman, 
but joyfully as his Saviour. Christ is freely 
offered, and we gladly take him as offered. 
He is held out to us in the gospel, and we lay 
hold of him as the Lord our righteousness, as 
the true God and eternal life, as all our salva- 
tion. "As many as received him, to them 
gave he power to become the sons of God, 
even to them that believe on his name." 

Again, faith in Christ is spoken of as fleeing 
to him. We flee from our sins and from the 
avenging wrath of God to lay hold on the 
hope set before us in the gospel. Christ is 
our city of refuge. In him we are safe from 
the flaming sword of justice. He is our 
hiding-place from the tempest, our covert 
from the storm. We run to him, and his 


blood atones for us, his righteousness covers 
lis, his grace is sufficient for us, his interces- 
sion avails for us. In him we can never be 
reached by the destroyer. 

Those that have faith in Christ rest in him. 
Their faith reposes on him. They lean upon 
him. "In whom ye also trusted, after that 
ye heard the word of truth." This true faith 
in Christ has some remarkable characteristics. 

1. It refuses all other helps, hopes, refuges 
and mediators. It divides not its love and 
confidence between Christ and a host of others, 
or any other. "Thou must save, and thou 
alone." To look elsewhere is inconsistent with 
reliance upon him. He saves wholly, or not 
at all. His blood may not be mingled with 
our suiferings, nor his tears with our anguish, 
nor his merits with our deservings. " There 
is none other name under heaven given among 
men, whereby we must be saved." "Other 
foundation can no man lay." Build on the 
Rock, or not at all. 

2. Genuine faith is not temporary, but lasts 
and holds on its way. It cleaves to Christ 


through good and through evil report. It 
holds him fast, and will not let him go. It 
will even bear tortures, not accepting deliver- 
ance purchased by a denial of faith in him. 
It will walk in darkness, and yet trust. It 
will cover itself with sackcloth and ashes, and 
cry, Unclean ; but it will not renounce Christ. 
It is not only exclusive, it is also firm. 

3. It enlists all the affections. ^'With the 
heart man believeth unto righteousness." 
Devils believe, but not with the heart. "The 
act of faith is not in the brain, but in the 

4. Genuine faith therefore purifies the heart. 
It begets strong desires after holiness. It 
leads the soul to Christ, who is our sanctifica- 
tion as well as our righteousness. It begets 
the deepest aversion to sin. When tempted 
it cries, " How can I do this great wickedness, 
and sin against God ?"* In the eyes of be- 
lievers, sin is exceeding sinful, and holiness 
very lovely. 

5. True faith in Christ also works by love. 
It draws its chief motives from the divine 


love. It awakens the affection of love in the 
soul. It says, " Behold what manner of love 
the Father hath bestowed on us," and then it 
gives him all that it has, or is, or hopes to be. 
6. It also gains and keeps the ascendency 
over the things of time. " This is the victory 
that overcometh the world, even our faith." 
Faith looks not at things which are seen and 
temporal, but at things unseen and eternal. 
It draws its strength and firmness from the 
sight of things invisible — from an unseen Sa- 
viour, an unseen heaven, and an unseen eter- 

It is not strange that true Christians make 
much of faith. The Bible does the same. 
" He that believeth shall be saved." " Believe 
on the Lord Jesus Christ and thou shalt be 
saved." " This is the work of God that ye 
believe on him whom he hath sent." "This 
is his commandment, That we should believe 
on the name of his Son, Jesus Christ." 

Whoever truly believes is sure to love God 
and all his word, his worship and his people. 


Faith is never alone. It is only one of the 
Christian graces, but it is a great grace. 

Whoever thus believes shall be saved. 
Faith unites to Christ. 

Want of faith is a great sin. God abhors 
unbelief. It is the master sin of the human 
heart. It heeds and fosters all wickedness. 
No sin is alone ; but the want of faith is the 
parent of all sins. If this sin were renounced, 
others could not reign. How many Israelites 
through unbelief perished in the wilderness. 
" He that believeth not shall be damned." 

It is a glad truth that Christ is now ready 
t ) receive sinners. The door is open. Oh 
come to Christ. Children as truly need his 
grace as do old people. Christ is as truly 
ready to receive them as to receive their pa- 
rents. Come to Christ. There is no other 
way of escape. " Faith is, to the lost sinner, 
what the life-boat is to the shipwrecked sailor, 
dashing among the breakers — his only means 
of escape from certain death." Oh, enter the 
life-boat. Now is your time. If you refuse, 
your blood will be upon yourself. 




Some years ago, I went to see some of my 
kin. They lived where I had spent most of 
my childhood. A thousand thoughts rushed 
on my mind as I passed over the walks of my 
early life. The houses were not near so high, 
nor the streets so wide as I had once thought 
them. Trees that I had planted with my own 
hands had grown old and died. The grave- 
yard was sadly filled up. I sat down and 
thought thus : 

How short is life ! It is a vapour, a sha- 
dow, a tale that is told. Fifty years have 
passed since I roamed over these fields, and 
bathed in these waters, and yet that whole 
time seems like a dream. All flesh is grass. 
Most of the t;omi)anions of my early life have 
already gone beyond the bounds of time. 


Soon earth will know none of us any more 

How certain is death. None escape. The 
young and healthy may die; the old and 
sickly must. None can long withstand the 
assaults of disease. The grave-yard has filled 
up wonderfully. 

How fixed are the principles of God's go- 
vernment. He never changes them. It is as 
true now as ever before, that bloody and de- 
ceitful men shall not live out half their days; 
that those who honour father and mother shall 
be greatly blessed on earth, that the hand of 
the diligent maketh rich; that he that is surety 
for a stranger shall smart for it. Indeed, 
every principle of God's government remains 

How surely truth will triumph at last. I 
have seen many forsaken, slandered, and 
scorned, outliving all their enemies, and by 
well-doing putting to silence the ignorance 
of foolish men. Well did good old Boston 

* "Time," said a deaf mute, "is aline that has two ends 
— a path w'lich begins in the cradle and ends in the tomb." 


say : " Leave your character where you have 
trusted your soul ; your Maker will take care 
of both." Silent and quiet endurance of re- 
vilings is better than all heated and fierce con- 

How vain a pursuit is wealth. It brings 
misery to its devotee and to his offspring. I 
know no more mournful histories than those 
connected with greediness of gain. I think 
it is John Owen, who somewhere says, 
"There is nothing given us in more strict 
charge in the Scripture, than that we should 
be careful for nothing, solicitous about noth- 
ing, take no thought for to-morrow, but 
commit all thing's unto the sovereio-n dis- 
posal of God our Father, who has taken all 
these things into his own care." It is idle 
to pretend that we have given all to God, 
when we are so eager to manage them our- 

A life of self-denial was never more sure 
than in this age to do good. A little work 
done in the right way tells for a long time. 
A poor child taught in the right way, a good 

5 « 


institution founded in a small way grows. 
When I was young' I felt like transplanting 
trees. I have quit that and gone to planting 
acorns. We may be poor, yet make many 
rich. Great usefulness follows, not great 
talents, or great donations, but great self- 
denial. Christ saved the world by suffering. 
No man has been distinguished for usefulness, 
who was not remarkable for sufferings, for 
voluntary self-denial. 

How priceless is a good name. To men 
themselves and to their posterity it is better 
than great riches. It outlives its possessor 
and his children. Let one go over any com- 
munity, which he knew a quarter of a cen- 
tury ago, and he will know what is here 

How wise it is to fear God and to teach all 
around us to do the same. Nothing, as an 
element of education or of self-government, 
is sufficient, if men despise the authority of 

How strangely the world is ruled by little 
things I think it was Alice Carey, who said, 


"liittle drops of rain brighten the meadows, 
and little acts of kindness brighten the world." 
Eternity is made up of successive points in 

And how soon earthly joy and pomp and 
vanity will all be gone. "I have seen the 
wicked in great power, and spreading him- 
self like a green bay-tree. Yet he passed away, 
and lo, he was not, yea, I sought him, but he 
could not be found." 

How soon the sorrows of the just will be 
over. The. greatest sufferers I ever knew 
have long been at rest. They wept on the 
mountains of Zion. They shout in the streets 
of the new Jerusalem. 

How rapidly our opportunities of useful- 
ness to ourselves and others are passing away. 
Oh that we had grace to improve them as 
they come. "Our opportunities, like our 
souls, are very precious ; but if they are lost, 
they are irrecoverably lost." How many, 
whom I might once have warned, are forever 
beyond the calls of the gospel. 

How the whole coast of time is strewed 


with wrecks. One is ruined by drink, ano- 
ther by bad company, another by idleness, 
another by skepticism, another by lying, ano- 
ther by lewdness. 

How humility stands the test. It boasts 
not. It vaunts not itself. It loves retire- 
ment, as the violet loves the shade. "Though 
civility teaches us to call others by their 
highest titles, yet humility teaches us to call 
ourselves by the lowest." "He that hum- 
bleth himself shall be exalted." 

How priceless a blessing is love. It warms 
the heart in which it dwells. It blesses all 
around it. "Like spring flowers, it breaks 
through the most frozen ground at last." It 
makes many happy. A family brought up 
in snappish, snarlish ways, will live in wretch- 
edness, and comes to naught. 

It is safe to obey any call of duty, to take 
up any cross, endure any reproach, follow any 
lawful calling. Those men at the top were 
not long since at the bottom, but however 
situated, they did their duty, and the blessing 


What a poor thing is a pompous, vain pro- 
fession of Christianity. Piety, which does not 
rule us, will not save us. If there is in our 
hearts and lives no difference between us and 
sinners, there will be no difference between 
us and them in doom and destiny. 

What a priceless boon is youth. As men 
and women are at fifty, so were they at fifteen, 
is generally true. Good and bad qualities are 
always developing themselves. 

How weak are the moral principles of many. 
Walpole said, ^' Every man has his price." 
This is not always so. Yet many are badly 
sold. '^ Those, who fancy that money can do 
anything, are generally prepared to do every- 
thing for money." In her journal Eliza Cook 
says, that they who are honest, only because 
honesty is the best policy, are half way to 
being rogues. What small temptations have 
ruined those of my acquaintance, who have 
lost all. 

Who understand the power of education? 
That poor creature, now suffering from ennui 
and chagrin, full of suspicion and malice, 


was by her parents trained to think display 
the end of existence. That young man, who 
was petted, indulged, taught to swagger about 
honour, and to make high pretensions to the 
character of a gentleman, is now hardly a fit 
companion for the dogs of his neighbour's 
flock. He was spoiled in the rearing. 

True religion is full of unfailing resources. 
That alone is enough. Its triumphs among 
many of my old friends have been as remark- 
able as in the case of Payson, who when suf- 
fering great pain just before death, said, '^Oh, 
what a blessed thing it is to lose one's will ! 
Since I have lost my will, I have found hap- 
piness. There can be no such thing as disap- 
pointment to me, for I have no desires but 
that God's will may be accomplished." 

What a Saviour we have in the Lord Jesus 
Christ! How wisdom and tenderness, power 
and love, grace and truth, shine out in him. 
" He is still in office for us ; he pleads our 
cause before his Father; he rules the universe 
for our welfare; and he teaches us wisdom." 
Blessed one ! how we ought to love him. 

A VISIT TO MY OLD no:\rE. 59 

If we are in Christ, what a blessed meetincr 
we shall soon have with all the redeemed in 
glory. Many of the best friends I ever had 
are gone before me. I sympathize with good 
old Richard Baxter when he says : " I mnst 
confess, as the experience of my own soul, 
that the expectation of loving my friends in 
heaven principally kindles my love to them 
while on earth. If I thought I should never 
know them, and consequently never love them 
after this life is ended, I should number them 
with temporal things, and love them as sucli ; 
but I now converse with my pious friends in 
a firm persuasion that I shall converse with 
them forever ; I take comfort in those that 
are dead or absent, believing that I shall 
shortly meet them in -heaven, and love them 
with a heavenly love." It would be easy to 
make out a list of such old friends large 
enough to cover many pages. Their memory 
is precious. I hope soon to see them, and 
unite with them in singing the song of Moses 
and the Lamb, . 




Don't say that you cannot do much, and 
therefore you will do nothing. Keep trying. 
Work away. The ants are little things, but 
in some parts of the world, they build great 
houses for themselves. Very little w^orms 
sometimes eat up a large forest. The ocean 
is made up of drops of water and the world 
of grains of sand. Any good little child can 
make glad a father or mother, and that is a 
great thing. I have known a dear little child 
not five years old to soothe the throbbing, 
aching head of its mother. 

Every one can do something. This is pro- 
ven in many ways. I will tell you a true 

As one travels westward from Pittsburgh 
towards Chicago, he will find, from Wayne 


County, Ohio, to Fort Wayne, Indiana, tradi- 
tions of a singular man, known now as for- 
merly by the name of " Sammy Appleseed." 
He wore no hat, and seldom, if ever, wore 
shoes. His clothing was mean and scant. He 
was not known to have any kindred in the 
land. He spent his time partly among the 
Indians and partly among the whites. He 
was hardly half-witted. He w^as entirely 
harmless. He was an enemy to no one. Xo 
one was an enemy to him. He travelled a 
great deal, usually with a bag on his shoulder. 
At the time of making cider, he commonly 
went into Eastern Pennsylvania. He would 
then carefully gather a peck or more of apple- 
seeds, and start for the West. The severe 
weather of winter he generally spent in the 
w^hite settlements, but early in the spring he 
was off for the wilderness. He was familiar 
with the trails of the country, and could find 
his way to the Indian towns. Wherever he 
went he carried his bag of apple-seeds. Where- 
ever he found a fit opening, he would plant 
some of them. This he did not only at the 


old deserted villages, but also at the inhabited 
towns of the savages. Sometimes he would 
get a promise that the weeds and grass should 
be kept from smothering the young trees. 
But usually they had to take their chance 
for life. 

Thus, for a space of two hundred miles in 
length and forty or fifty miles in breadth, this 
simple man produced some of the first signs 
of advancing civilization. When the white 
people moved into the wilderness, they found 
nurseries of apple-trees, neither pruned nor 
grafted, but ready to be transplanted. In 
some cases they Avere already bearing fruit, 
which, mellowed by age, became delicious. 

Sammy has been dead for many years ; 
but for generations to come he will be spoken 
of as a benefactor to a large district of coun- 
try. He did what he could for the comfort 
of the red man and of the white man. Hav- 
ing no bad designs, he was neither suspicious 
nor suspected. Though his life was often in 
jeopardy, he was kept alive. In his labours 
he found his happiness. He had his reward. 


In tlie labours of this man, every child 
may learn a lesson. All who read these pages 
probably have as much mind as Sammy had. 
They ought to try as hard to do good. If 
they humbly look to God for strength, their 
labour shall not be in vain in the Lord. 

Coming generations will bless them, and 
bless God for them. Little Samuel serving 
God in the temple and doing as God and Eli 
bade him, is mentioned witli more honour 
than all the Pharaohs of Egypt. 

Let none of us live to himself. Let us 
continually scatter good seeds. By and by 
they wdll bear good fruit. All that we now 
enjoy is the result of something done for us 
by others, perhaps by others long since dead. 
Of those who stand in their lot and do their 
best for the good of man and the glory of 
God, we may say, as a modern poet says of 
great men: 

Lives of great men all remind us 

We can make our lives sublime, 
And, departing, leave behind us 

Footprints on the sands of time — 


Footprints that perhaps another, 

Sailing o'er life's solemn main, 
A forlorn and shipwrecked brother, 

Seeing, shall take heart again. 

Let us then be up and doing. 

With a heart for every fate ; 
Still achieving, still pursuing, 

Learn to labour and to wait. 

They that sow in tears shall reap in joy. 
In due time we shall reap if we faint not. 
Let us have long patience and wait for the 
precious fruits of the earth. 




The Either of Ishmael was Abraham. His 
mother's name was Hagar, the Egyptian. 
Troubles arose in Abraham's family. Sarah, 
the mother of Isaac said to Abraham, Cast 
out this bond- woman, and her son : for the 
son of this bond-woman shall not be heir with 
my son, even with Isaac. This made Abra- 
ham very sad. But God said. Of the son of 
the bond- woman will I make a nation, be- 
cause he is thy seed. Hagar left Abraham's 
house w^ith a heavy heart and with a bottle of 
water. After a while, the water gave out, and 
Hagar cast her child under one of the shrubs. 
And she went, and sat down over against him 
a good way off, that she might not see him 
die. She was sad and wept aloud, and so did 

her son. And God heard the voice of the 
6 * 


lad and sent an angel to comfort him and his 
mother. He also promised, I will make him 
a great nation. And God was with the lad ; 
and he grew, and dwelt in the wilderness, and 
became an archer. He also married an Egyp- 
tian and became famous in his day as a man 
of the woods. 

From him have descended a very numerous 
people, who have long borne the name of 
Arabians. From the days of Ishmael there 
has been a wild romance in the history and 
character of this people. To this day, many 
of them lead a wandering life. Soon after 
the ascension of Christ to heaven, many Arabs 
embraced the truth as it is in Jesus. There 
were zealous Christians among them. After 
a while these converts became very corrupt. 
Then there arose a great impostor, Moham- 
med. From that time their history has been 
full of the most painful interest. Their deeds 
contain the strongest exhibitions of temper 
and principle. This is owing to two causes : 
the natund character of the people; and the in- 
^uence of their system of religious belief. It 


may be interesting to the reader to have some 
of the views of the Arabs stated. 

Mohammed laid this down as a great truth : 
" The sword is the l^ey of heaven and of hell : 
a drop of blood shed in the cause of God, a 
night spent in arms, is of more avail than two 
months of fasting and prayer ; whosoever falls 
in battle, his sins are forgiven ; at the day of 
judgment his wounds shall be resplendent as 
Vermillion, and odoriferous as musk; and the 
loss of his limbs shall be supplied by the wings 
of angels and cherubims." This one sentence 
has ever since had an influence almost incon- 
ceivable. No Arab ever enters into a bloody 
contest but as an enthusiast. Here is the 
secret of the rapid spread of the imposture. 

At the taking of Mecca, Mohammed united 
the factions, and would take no revenge. The 
Koreish fell at his feet. " What mercy," said 
he. "can you expect from the men you have 
wronged?" "We confide in the generosity 
of our kinsman," was the reply. "And you 
shall not confide in vain," said he: "Begone! 
you are safe, you are Tee." 


When the deputies of Tayef asked for a 
toleration of their religion, he said, " Not a 
month, not an hour." Then they said, " Ex- 
cuse us at least from the obligation of prayer." 
His reply was, "Without prayer religion is of 
no avail." 

When his soldiers complained of the intoler- 
able heat of a summer campaign, he replied, 
"Hell is much hotter." Just before his death 
he caused himself to be put on a pulpit, when 
he said, " If there be any man whom I have 
unjustly scourged, I submit my own back to 
the lash of retaliation. Have I aspei^ed the 
reputation of a Mussulman ? Let him pro- 
claim my faults in the face of the congregation. 
Has any one been despoiled of his goods ?" 
"Yes," replied one in the crowd, "I am entitled 
to three drachms of silver." Mohammed paid 
him his money and thanked him for accusing 
him here and not at the day of judgment. 
His last words were ; " O God ! . . . . pardon 
my sins. . . Yes. . . I come .... among my 
fellow-citizens on high." He died at the age 
of sixty-seven years, having effected greater 


I'ago 63. 


and more permanent changes in the opinions 
and habits of men, by the sword united with 
fanaticism, than were ever effected by any man 
with either of these means alone or by them 

There is something very striking in some 
of the usages of his followers, even to this 
day. They at times seem to come very near 
the Christian temper in the forgiveness of in- 
juries, although they are habitually revenge- 
ful. Their pardons seem to be very much 
confined to slight things and accidental wrongs. 
The following story is told of one of the sons 
of Ali. In serving at table, a slave had in- 
advertently dropped a dish of hot soup on 
his master. The poor wretch fell at his feet 
and repeated a verse of the Koran : " Paradise 
is for those who command their anger." " 1 
am not angry," said he. "And for those who 
pardon offences," continued the slave. " I 
pardon your offence," said the master. "And 
for those who return good for evil," added the 
slave. " I give you your liberty and four 
hundred pieces of silver," said the master. 


Tills is the brightest example of anything 
like forgiveness that I remember to have met 
in all their history. Almost innumerable ex- 
amples of their cruelty, even to persons of 
their own blood and religion, might be given. 

Every Arab is bound by his religion to pay 
a tenth of all his revenue in some way to a 
benevolent purpose ; and if his conscience 
accuses him of any fraud or injustice, he must 
pay a fifth. They are said very generally to 
practise this precept. 

Some of their dignitaries have set remark- 
able examples of plainness, and others of 
splendour. Omar II. spent his last days on a 
bed of palm leaves, with a pillow made of 
the skins of beasts, and with but one shirt. 
Heshom, who came soon after him, was just 
the reverse. He left ten thousand shirts, and 
seven hundred boxes of various garments. 

No one can read the history of this people 
without feeling that they are distinct from all 
the world in many respects. Indulgence and 
cruelty seem to be the result of caprice. 
Shrewdness is chiefly applied to evasions, 


canning and fraud. The stronger their reli- 
gious impressions, the more dangerous do 
they seem to be, as long as health and success 
last. Their habits of cooking and eating, of 
hospitality and of revenge, do not seem to 
have changed at all for two thousand five hun- 
dred years, or more. 

But they shall yet be bi«ought to love the 
Saviour. When that blessed event shall take 
place is known unto God alone. But that it 
shall occur is certain, for the mouth of the 
Lord hath spoken it. The whole of the fol- 
lowing prophecy in Isaiah Ix. 6, 7, applies to 
this people. ^'The multitude of camels shall 
cover thee, the dromedaries of Midian and 
Ephah: they shall bring gold and incense; 
and they ^hall show forth the praises of the 
Lord. All the flocks of Kedar shall be 
gathered together unto thee; the rams of 
Nebaioth shall minister unto thee." 

When the day of deliverance from impos- 
ture shall come to the Arabs, their conversion 
will probably be very speedy. The words 
next following those just quoted are, " Who 


are these that fly as a cloud, and as tlie doves 
to their windows ?" Isaiah Ix. 8. 

Children, do you ever pray for the Arabs ? 
Their souls are worth as much as those of any 
other people. If you ever hear them men- 
tioned at a missionary meeting, listen care- 
fully to what is said. Pray for them, O pray 
for them. Though Ishmael was not the child 
of promise, he was the son of Abraham. 




In the fall of 1826 I went to Wilmington, 
N. C, to preach a few Sabbaths in the Pres- 
byterian church. While there I was visited 
by a venerable man, a native of Africa. He 
came to the door of my room, entered, and 
approached me. I rose to receive him. He 
took my hand between both oi his, and earn- 
estly pressed it to his bosom. Our interview 
was not long, but I received very deep im- 
pressions of his moral worth, and of his true 
refinement of feeling produced by the grace 
of God. 

I have met him once or twice since, but 
was commonly hindered from learning much 
respecting him, as he was much more inclined 
to hear than to speak — to ask questions than 
to answer them. Yet from him and from 
others I have learned the following things. 


Meroh was born about the year 1770. If 
he is still living, as he was by last advices, 
he is over ninety years of age. He was born 
on the banks of the Senegal river, in Eastern 
Africa. His tribe were the Foolahs. Their 
religion was Mahommedanism. Many of them 
had the Koran and read and wrote the Arabic 
language. I have now in my possession a 
letter written by Meroh in Arabic, bearing 
all the marks of expert penmanship. 

I write his name Meroh. It was originally 
Umeroh. Some write it Moro; and some put 
it in the French form, Moreau. It is com- 
monly pronounced as if spelled Moro. 

Meroh's father in Africa was a man of con- 
siderable wealth. He brought up his children 
delicately. Meroh's fingers are rather effemi- 
nate. They are very well tapered. His whole 
person and gait bear marks of considerable 

At about five years of age he lost his father, 
in one of those bloody wars that are almost 
constantly raging in Africa. Very soon there- 
after he was taken by an uncle to the capital 


of the tribe. Here he learned and afterwards 
taught the Arabic, especially some prayers 
used by Mahommedans. He also learned 
some rules of arithmetic, and ihany of the 
forms, of business. When a young man he 
became a dealer in the merchandise of the 
country, chiefly consisting in cotton cloths. 
Some years since I saw in some new^spaper an 
account of this mail, which I believe to be 
quite correct. I make an extract : — 

"While engaged in trade, some event oc- 
curred, which he is very reluctant to refer to, 
but which resulted in his being sold into sla- 
very. He was brought down to the coast, 
shipped for America, in company with only 
two who could speak the same language, and 
was landed at Charleston in 1807, just a year 
previous to the final abolition of the slave- 
trade. He was soon sold to a citizen of Charles- 
ton, who treated him with great kindness, 
but who, unfortunately for Moreau, died in a 
short time. He was then sold to one who 
proved to be a harsh, cruel master, exacting 
from him labour which he had not the strength 


to perform. From him Moreau found means 
to escape, and after wandering nearly over the 
State of South Carolina, was found near 
Fayetteville, in North Carolina. Here he 
was taken up as a runaway, and placed in the 
jail. Knowing nothing of the language as 
yet, he could not tell who he was, or where 
he was from, but finding some coals in the 
ashes, he filled the walls of his room with 
piteous petitions to be released, all written in 
the Arabic language. The strange characters, 
so elegantly and correctly written by a runa- 
"way slave, soon attracted attention, and many 
of the citizens of the town visited the jail to 
see him. 

" Through the agency of Mr. Mumford, 
then sheriff of Cumberland county, the case 
of Moreau was brought to the notice of Gen. 
James Owen, of Bladen county, a gentleman 
well known throughout this Commonwealth, 
for his public services, and always known as 
a man of generous and humane impulses. 
He took Moreaueut of jail, becoming security 
for his forthcoming, if called for, and carried 


him with him to his plantation in Bladen 
county. For a long time his wishes were 
baffled by the meanness and the cupidity of a 
man who had bought the runaway at a small 
price from his former master, until at last he 
Avas able to obtain legal possession of him, 
greatly to the joy of Moreau. Since then, 
for more than forty years, he has been a 
trusted and indulged servant. 

"At the time of his purchase by General 
Owen, Moreau was a staunch Mahommedan, 
and, the first year at least, kept the fast of 
E-hamadan with great strictness. Through 
the kindness of some friends, an English trans- 
lation of the Koran was procured for him, 
and read to him, often with portions of the 
Bible. Gradually he seemed to lose his in- 
terest in the Koran, and to show more interest 
in the Sacred Scriptures, until he finally gave 
up his faith in Mahomet, and became a be- 
liever in Jesus Christ. He was baptized by 
the Rev. Dr. Snodgrass, of the Presbyterian 
church, in Fayetteville, and received into the 
church. Since that time he has been trans- 

r * 


ferred to the Presbyterian church in Wilming- 
ton, of which he has long been a consistent 
member. There are few Sabbaths in the year 
on which he is absent from the house of God. 
^' Uncle Moreau is an Arabic scholar, read- 
ing the language with great facility, and trans- 
lating it with ease. His pronunciation of the 
Arabic is remarkably fine. An eminent Vir- 
ginia scholar said, not long since, that he read 
it more beautifully than any one he ever heard, 
save a distinguished savant of the University 
of Halle. His translations are somewhat im- 
perfect, as he never mastered the English lan- 
guage, but they are often very striking. We 
remember once hearing him read and translate 
the twenty-third psalm, and shall never forget 
the earnestness and fervour which shone in 
the old man's countenance, as he read of the 
going down into the dark valley, and using 
his own broken English, said, 'Me no fear, 
Master's with me there.' There were signs 
in his countenance, and in his voice, that he 
knew not only the words, but felt the blessed 
power of the truth they contained. 


"Moreau has never expressed any wish to 
return to Africa. Indeed, he has always ma- 
nifested a great aversion to it when proposed, 
changing the subject as soon as possible. When 
Dr. Jonas King, now of Greece, returned to 
his country from the East, in 1828, he was in- 
troduced in Fayetteville to Moreau. General 
Owen observed an evident reluctance on the 
part of the old man to converse with Dr. King. 
After some time he ascertained that the only 
reason of his reluctance was his fear that 
one who talked so well in Arabic mipfht 
have been sent by his own countrymen to 
reclaim him, and carry him again over the 
sea. After his fears were removed, he con- 
versed with Dr. King with great readiness 
and delight. 

"He now regards his expatriation as a great 
providential favour. ^His coming to this 
country,' as he remarked to the writer, Svas 
all for good.' Mahommedanism has been 
supplanted in his heart by the better faith in 
Christ Jesus, and in the midst of a Christian 
family, where he is kindly watched over, 


and in the midst of a church which honours 
him for his consistent piety, he is gra- 
dually going down to that dark valley, in 
which, his own firm hope is, that he will 
be supported and led by the hand of the 
Great Master, and from which he will 
emerge into the brightness of the perfect 

This pious man was supplied with a copy 
of the JN^ew Testament in the Arabic language. 
He says, the translation is not good. Yet 
with the aid of the English, he gained much 
knowledge of God's word. Whenever I have 
seen him, his appearance was striking and ven- 
erable. His moral and Christian character 
has long been excellent. Christians, who 
were well acquainted with him, doubted not 
that he was preparing for a better world. 
Perhaps he has already gone to the rest of 
the redeemed. 

How strange are God's ways. Through 
what sufferings he leads his chosen to the 
knowledge and enjoyment of himself. 


How sure are God's purposes. His counsel, 
it shall stand. Of those whom the Father 
has given to Christ, he has lost none. All that 
the Father has given him, shall come unto 

How sweet heaven will be after the sorrows 
and trodbles of earth. 

Let every man stand in his lot, and do and 
suffer the whole will of God. 

Our reward in heaven will not depend 
upon our station on earth, but upon the rich 
and free grace of God, enabling us to serve 
him with fidelity. We '' know that whatso- 
ever good thing any man doeth, the same 
shall he receive of the Lord, whether he be 
bond or free." Eph. vi. 8. 

There is hope for the heathen. It is found 
in the Gospel of Christ. Let them be brought 
to know it, and it will be to them life from 
the dead. The darkest land in heathendom 
shall yet rejoice in the light of life. One of 
the early converts to the Gospel was the 
Ethiopian eunuch, who, as church history 
informs us^ became a great blessing to his 


country. Meroh is another trophy of divine 
grace from the same dark continent. Ethi- 
opia shall soon stretch out her hands unto 




Many a poor boy falls under the power of 
discouragement. He is afraid he can never 
get on in the world. He would like to be 
useful, but he knows not how to act. Good 
old John Elliott said, "Prayer and pains 
through faith that is in Christ Jesus can do 
wonders." Cheer up, boys, good times may 
come yet. A physician in Philadelphia had 
dark times in early life. His business led 
him to sea. While there, a sailor boy was 
sent aloft. The vessel rolled very much. An 
old sailor saw that the boy's head was becoming 
giddy. To save his life, he cried out, " Look 
aloft, you sneaking lubber." The boy looked 
up and was no longer giddy. In his sadness, 
the Doctor heard the words; he applied them 
to himself. As often as trials came, he heard 


the words of the old salt: "Look aloft, you 
sneaking lubber/^ He was thus preserved 
from falling under fatal despondency. He 
did his bestj and God blessed him, and he rose 
to great eminence, and has told us that this 
story had a great effect on his life. There is 
a book entitled Self-help. It contains a list 
of such as have risen from humble life to 
great honour and usefulness. From that 
book I learn that from the barber's shop rose 
Sir Richard Arkwright, the inventor of the 
spinning-jenny, and the founder of the cotton 
manufacture of Great Britain; Lord Tenter- 
den, one of the most distinguished of English 
Lord Chief Justices; and Turner, the very 
greatest among landscape painters. No one 
knows to a certainty what Shakespeare was; 
but it is unquestionable that he sprang from 
a very humble rank. The common rank of 
day labourers has given us Brindley, the engi- 
neer; Cook, the navigator; and Burns, the 
poet. Masons and bricklayers can boast of 
Ben Jonson, who worked at the building of 
Lincoln's Inn, with a trowel in his hand and 


a book in his pocket; Edwards and Telford, 
the engineers ; Hugh Miller, the geologist, 
and Allan Cunningham, the writer and sculp- 
tor; whilst among distinguished carpenters 
we find the names of Inigo Jones, the archi- 
tect; Harrison, the chronometer maker; John 
Hunter, the physiologist; Romney and Opie, 
painters; Prof. Lee, the orientalist; and John 
Gibson, the sculptor. From the weaver class 
have sprung Simpson, the mathematician ; 
Bacon, the sculptor ; the two Milners, Adam 
Walker, John Foster, AVilson, the ornitholo- 
gist; Dr. Livingstone, the missionary traveller; 
and Tannahill, the poet. Shoemakers have 
given us Sturgeon, tlie electrician; Samuel 
Drew, the essayist; Gilford, the editor of the 
Quarterly Review; Bloomfield, the poet; and 
A^illiam Carey, the missionary; whilst Mor- 
rison, another laborious missionary, was a 
maker of shoe-lasts. Within a few years, a 
profound naturalist, has been discovered in 
the person of a shoemaker at Banff, named 
Thomas Edwards, who, while maintaining 
himself by his trade, has devoted his leisure 


to the study of natural science in all its 
branches; his researches in connection with the 
smaller Crustacea having been rewarded by 
the discovery of a new species, to which the 
name of Praniza Edwardsii has been given by 

Nor have the tailors been altogether undis- 
tinguished, Jackson, the painter, having 
worked at that trade until he reached man- 
hood. But what is, perhaps, more remark- 
able, one of the most gallant of British sea- 
men. Admiral Hobson, who broke the boom 
at Vigo, in 1701, originally belonged to this 
calling. Cardinal Wolsey, De Foe, Akenside, 
and Kirke White, were the sons of butchers ; 
Bunyan was a tinker, and Joseph Lancaster 
a basket-maker. Among the great names 
identified with the invention of the steam 
engine are those of Newcomen, Watt, and 
Stephenson ; the first a blacksmith, the second 
a maker of mathematical instruments, and 
the third an engine fireman. Dr. Hutton, 
the geologist, and Bewick, the father of wood- 
engraving, were coal miners. Dodsley was a 


footman, and Holcroft a groom. Baffin, the 
navigator, was a common seaman, and Sir 
Cloudesley Shovel a cabin-boy. Herschel 
played the oboe in a military band. Chan- 
trey was a journeyman carver; Etty, a jour- 
neyman printer; and Sir Thomas Lawrence, 
the son of a tavern keeper. 
. Michael Faraday, the son of a poor black- 
smith, was in early life apprenticed to a book- 
binder, and worked at that trade until he 
reached his twenty-second year; he now oc- 
cupies the very first rank as a philosopher, 
excelling even his master, Sir Humphrey 
Davy, in the art of lucidly expounding the 
most difficult and abstruse points in natural 
science. Not long ago, Sir Roderick Mur- 
chison discovered at Thurso, in the far north 
of Scotland, a profound geologist in the per- 
son of a baker there, named Robert Dick. 
When Sir Roderick called at the bake-house, 
in which he baked and earned his bread, 
Dick delineated to him by means of flour upon 
a board the geographical features and geolo- 
gical phenomena of his native county, point- 


ing out the imperfections in the existing maps, 
which he had ascertained by travelling over 
the county in his leisure hours. On further 
inquiry, Sir Roderick ascertained that the 
humble individual before him was not only a 
capital baker and geologist, but a first-rate 
botanist. " I found," said the Director-Gen- 
eral of the Geographical Society, "to my 
great humiliation, that this baker knew more 
of botanical science than I did, and that there 
were only some twenty or thirty specimens of 
flowers which he had not collected. Some he 
had obtained as presents, some he had pur- 
chased ; but the greater portion had been ac- 
cumulated by his industry, in his native county 
of Caithness, and the specimens were all ar- 
ranged in the most beautiful order, with their 
scientific names affixed." 

Not only does God encourage the poor and 
the humble to do their best by raising up men 
as we have seen, but also by his precious word. 
When God so remarkably answered the prayer 
of Hannah, and made her the joyful mother 
of Samuel, who was to serve the Lord and 


become so great a prophet, she saog a glad 
soiig: "My heart rejoiceth in the Lord, mine 
horn is exalted in the Lord ; my mouth is 
enlarged over mine enemies; because I rejoice 
in thy salvation. There is none holy as the 
Lord: for there is none besides thee: neither 
is there any rock like our God. Talk no 
more so exceeding proudly; let not arrogancy 
come out of your mouth: for the Lord is a 
God of knowledge, and by him actions are 
weighed. The bows of the mighty men are 
broken, and they that stumbled are girded 
with strength. They that were full liave 
hired out themselves for bread; and they that 
were hungry, ceased : so that the barren hath 
become seven ; and she that hath many chil- 
dren is waxed feeble. The Lord killeth, and 
maketh alive : he bringeth down to the grave, 
and bringeth up. The Lord maketh poor, 
and maketh rich : he bringeth low, and lifteth 
up. He raiseth up the poor out of the dust, 
and lifteth up the beggar from the dung hill, 
to set them among princes, and to make them 
inherit the throne of glory : for the pillars of 



the earth are the Lord's, and. he hath set the 
world upon them. He will keep the feet of 
Ills saints, and the wicked shall be silent in 
darkness; for bj strength shall no man pre- 
vail/' &c. Here is the whole story. God is 
a helper of the poor. He hears the young 
ravens when they cry. And is not a poor boy 
of more value than many ravens? 

The way to rise is to humble ourselves un- 
der the mighty hand of God. Let- us lie low 
at his feet, and look up to his eternal and pro- 
pitious throne for grace and strengtli, for 
courage and success. Let us do our duty to 
God. Let us hold fast the salvation of Christ. 
He can carry us safely through all trials and 
difficulties. He is kind. He is wise. He is 
strong. None can resist him. None can de- 
feat him. None pities so much as he. His 
blessing is rich and adds no sorrow. 

Let all little boys trust in the Lord. Let 
them tell him their troubles. Let them ask 
him to carry them through their trials. 




We were clashing along at the rate of thirty 
miles an hour on one of those fine railroads 
in the State of Ohio, when I discovered my 
friends, Mr. and Mrs. N. I was glad to re- 
new an old and valued friendship. We had 
just eaten a good breakfast, and were all well 
and lively. In a way the most natural, the 
details of w^hich would not interest others, 
the substance of the following narrative was 
recited. It struck me as a pleasant illustra- 
tion of many truths of God's word. At my 
request the narrative has since been writ- 
ten, and I give it in an unbroken thread. I 
will merely say that Mr. N. is an eminent 
lawyer, and his wife is the daughter of a dis- 
tinguished minister of the gospel. She says: 

Soon after my marriage, my husband had 


occasion to go upon the "circuit." For my 
safe-keeping and pleasure, he proposed to leave 
me at the plantation of a friend during his ab- 
sence. This plantation lay upon the river, 
on his way to the point where he was to take 
the stage for the interior; but as we neared 
the landing a violent thunder-storm arose, and 
the winds and waves became so tempestuous 
that no boat could put out. This was a great 
disappointment. My health was very delicate, 
and the country was in a very rude state. My 
husband felt quite unwilling to expose me to 
the hardships of palmetto roots, log houses 
and rough fare; but there being no place 
where I could be left, and he unable to make 
any arrangement to send me back, I was 
forced to take my seat at his side in the stage, 
and take my first experience of the interior. 
We made our way, day after day, over the 
rough roads, until we reached the last place 
where the court sat, about a hundred miles 
from the river. I was much amused with the 
novelty of the double-pinned log-house where 
we were lodged. No plaster or lathing was 


there on the rooms, the chairs were of home 
manufacture, with seats of raw, undressed 
hide, and beds of the same description. The 
table arrangements were also quite new to me, 
and I was enjoying myself heartily, until one 
day towards the close of the week, my husband 
entered my room, and informed me that he 
feared we should have difficulty in getting 
away. There was but one stage a week which 
ran from E. to the river, and this stage 
reached the point where we were on Saturday 
evening, and left the next morning (Sunday) 
on its way to the river. This intelligence 
gave me much concern. It was now a season 
of the year when it was not considered pru- 
dent for those who were not acclimated to 
linger in that part of the country. The creeks 
were badly swollen, and the difficulty was 
every day increasing. The roads, rough with 
palmetto roots, were almost unendurable even 
in the easiest conveyance, and the distance 
from settlement to settlement so great that it 
Avas desirable to have some company through 
the long, dreary pine barrens and woods. We 


were much perplexed. There was not the 
slightest prospect of our being able to make 
any better arrangement the next week. My 
husband went out and offered a large sum for 
a wagon or saddle horses, by which we could 
reach the next station on Saturday, some forty 
miles East, and so be ready for the stage on 
Monday morning. But all in vain ! He re- 
turned to me quite discouraged, and at a loss 
what to do. It was impossible for me to start 
deliberately upon a journey on God's holy 
Sabbath morning — that day of "res^," "hal- 
lowed" and "sanctified" by our God and King 
himself. Not only was the prohibition dis- 
tinctly written in his sacred Book, and the 
great command enforced by his own example 
from the beginning of the world, but the fond 
memories of my early years had thrown a halo 
around the Pearl of Days, which could not 
be dimmed. Nor yet an orphan and a 
stranger, I had stood before my venerable 
father and oft repeated, 

"I must not work, I must not play 
Upon God's holy Sabbath day !'* 


The stillness of the Sabbath morning, which, 
in my childish fancy, I supposed composed 
of different elements from other days, the 
quietness of the household arrangements, the 
not doing our own pleasure, or speaking our 
own words, or thinking our own thoughts, the 
Sunday books, the sweet hours of sacred even- 
ing praise, all these had left their indelible 
stamp upon the Holy Sabbath, and should I 
now break through all these associations, nay, 
break God^s commandments, and refuse "to 
resV^ upon a day, not my own, but God's? 
It could not be. We remained. I was young, 
and it was a severe trial of my untried faith. 
We saw the other lawyers depart. One after 
another left, until we were quite alone. I 
tried to believe "Deus providebit." But it 
looked very dreary. It so chanced, however, 
that on Monday morning some business of 
importance demanded Mr. N.'s attention, and 
he was glad he had remained. On Tuesday, 
much to his surprise, a gentleman, and a 
stranger, came to him, and alluding to the 
unwillingness of the lady to leave in the Sun- 


clay stage, remarked, "I have a four mule 
team, a U. S. baggage wagon empty, and a 
couple of saddle horses, with two servants, 
going directly to the river. They are at your 
service, sir." The circumstances were these. 
The retinue in question had been brought up 
to court under an attachment, a thing, of 
course, very unusual. It might never happen 
again. The affair was settled, and now they 
were about to return to the river, and were 
politely and urgently pressed upon my hus- 
band for his use. You may be sure that, in 
my youthful enthusiasm, I had no doubt they 
were sent by God. I had long before heard 
the story of the offering he had provided to 
take Isaac's place, and this seemed very much 
like it. It was very natural that an animal 
should be caught in the thicket at the moment 
that Abraham needed him, and it w^as also 
nothing surprising that these should be going 
down to the river at this time when we wanted 
them. Does not his providence extend over 
all, and were we not his children, seeking to 
keep his commandment? Surely the trial of 


our faith was precious, and was found unto 
praise and honour! But difficulties arose. 
Our host remonstrated. "The creeks are 
badly swollen! It is a dangerous exposure 
for you to ride under our Southern sun, and 
with these April skies; should you be wet by 
the rain, look out for the fever!" Thursday 
morning came, and I was sick in bed. How- 
ever, with an effort, I rose and made prepa- 
rations for leaving. The sky was lowering, 
and thick, heavy clouds obscured heaven's 
own blue, as the drops seemed just ready to 
fall. A mattress was laid in the huge wagon, 
the saddle horses were brought round, and 
trusting in God, who hung these dark cur- 
tains, and who wrote these commandments 
with his own finger, w^e bade our host adieu. 
I never saw him again. He died not long 
after, but I well remember his exclamation as 
he aided me to mount: "This is carrying mat- 
ters altogether too /ar." 

Our little caravan proceeded on its way 
somewhat anxiously, and night overtook us 
in the woods. The rain had not yet fallen, 


neither had the sun appeared. We built our 
watch-fire and rejoiced in the light-wood blaze. 
All arrangements being made, we lay down to 
rest under the protection of our heavenly 
Father. My husband whispered in my ear, 
as my eyes were closing, "Don't be afraid in 
the night, should you hear the howling of the 
wolves: they will not come near the fire." 
But I will not weary you with the details of 
that very happy journey. We rode on horse- 
back, except when we wished to rest in the 
wagon ; saw the beautiful flocks of deer roam- 
ing in their native freedom; roasted our veni- 
son on sticks over a light-wood fire; and I 
found I was able to swim a creek, lyiiig at 
full length on my horse, with considerable 
skill and confidence. 

One of the most remarkable circumstances 
of the whole journey was the state- of the 
weather. God hung his thick screen of black 
clouds over our heads the entire distance 
which we made in three days, so that the sun 
did not smite us by day, neither did he suffer 
a drop of his rain to descend upon our heads. 


- /' 





l'..s- J9. 


I well remember passing the last stream where 
we had anticipated considerable difficulty, and 
to which my husband had frequently alluded 
to cool the ardour of my enthusiasm. When 
we approached it at last, I ventured in on my 
horse, and reached the farther bank before he 
had commenced the passage. I remember 
how I tossed up my hat and shouted triumph, 
somewhat after the manner of Miriam and 
her damsels, after crossing the Red Sea. 
That Saturday night found us safely housed 
at our journey's end, and ready for the boat 
to convey us home the next weeki All our 
perils were over, all our doubts removed ; and 
with the recollections of a peculiarly delight- 
ful journey, were mingled thoughts of praise 
and thanksgiving to Him who had so unex- 
pectedly provided for all our wants, and re- 
vealed himself to us in the keeping of his 
commandments! These circumstances made 
a deep impression upon me for life. I was 
young and just commencing 'Hife in earnestJ^ 

Trust in the Lord and do good. Delight 


thyself also in the Lord, and he shall give 
thee the desires of thine heart. Commit thy 
way unto the Lord ; trust also in him and he 
shall bring it to pass. Rest in the Lord and 
wait patiently for him. 

In keeping God's commandments there is 
great reward. This is true even in this life. 
There is nothing made by sinning. There is 
nothing gained by cheating. There is no 
more foolish act than an attempt to rob God 
of his dues. 

Whoso is wise and will observe these things, 
even they shall understand the loving-kind- 
ness of the Lord. Marked providences have 
not ceased. God still rules the world. He 
can and will reward us for all our fidelity. 
Godliness is profitable unto all things, having 
promise of the life that now is, and of that 
which is to come. 

MONEY. 101 



The Bible does not forbid us to have mo- 
ney. It says we must not love money. Even 
little boys and girls sometimes set their hearts 
too much on money. Some parents teach 
their children to get all they can, and keep 
all they get. This is a sad mistake. When 
parents give their children money, they should, 
indeed, teach them not to waste it ; but they 
should also teach them not to hoard it up. 
Heaping up silver is a poor business. We 
were not made for such a purpose. He that 
loveth silver shall not be satisfied with silver. 
Love of money made Judas a wicked traitor. 
Indeed, the Bible says. The love of money is 
the root of all evil. 

Lord Harwich, once Lord Chancellor of 
England, was said to be worth .£8 00,000. 



Yet Dr. King in his anecdotes of his own 
times says, that the Lord Chancellor set the 
same value on a half a crown in the days of 
his great riches, as when he was worth only 

Queen Anne ascended the throne of England 
in the year 1702. The greatest captain of her 
time was the Duke of Marlborough. His 
riches were immense. Yet when he was very 
old and infirm, he would walk from the public 
room in Bath to his lodgings, on a cold, dark 
night, to save a sixpence in chair hire. When 
this great, foolish man died, he left more than 
£1,500,000 sterling. Yet all his wealth and 
honours w^ere inherited by a grandson of Lord 
Trevor, who had long been one of his enemies. 
Thus men heap up riches and know not who 
shall gather them. Ps. xxxix. 6. 

Sir James Lowther, after changing a piece 
of silver in George's Coffee-house, and paying 
for his dish of coffee, was helped into his char- 
iot, for he was lame and infirm. He went 
home and sometime after returned to the same 
coffee-house to demand a half penny, asserting 

MONEY. 103 

that he had received a bad half-penny of 
change on his last visit. This man had an 
income of about £48,000 a year. He did 
not know whom to appoint his heir, and yet 
he held on greedily to every farthing. 

Sir Thomas Colby, killed himself by rising 
in the middle of the night, when he was in a 
profuse sweat, the effect of a medicine which 
he had taken for that purpose, and walking 
down stairs to look for the key of his cellar, 
which he had inadvertently left on a table in 
his parlour; he was apprehensive that his ser- 
vants might seize the key, and rob him of a 
bottle of port wine. This man died intestate, 
and left more than c£l, 200,000 in the funds, 
W'hich were shared among five or six day la- 
bourers, who were his nearest relations. 

Sir William Smythe was another foolish 
miser. When he was near seventy years of 
age, he was wholly deprived of his sight; 
and was persuaded to be couched by Taylor, 
the oculist, who, by agreement, was to have 
sixty guineas, if he restored his patient to any 
degree of sight. Taylor succeeded in his ope- 


ration, and Sir William was able to read and 
write without the use of spectacles during the 
rest of his life; but as soon as the operation 
was performed, and Sir William saw the good 
effect of it, instead of being overjoyed as any 
other person would have been, he began to 
lament the loss, as he called it, of his sixty 
guineas. His contrivance was, therefore, 'how 
to cheat the oculist; he pretended he could not 
see anything perfectly; for that reason the ban- 
dage on his eye was continued a month longer 
than the usual time. By this means he obliged 
Taylor to compound the bargain, and accept 
of twenty guineas; for a covetous man thinks 
no method dishonest which he may legally 
practise to save his money. 

People, who are foolish about money, did not 
all live across the water nor a long time ago. 
Many people in this country are crazy about 
money. For it they give up home and peace 
and quiet. For it some lose soul and body 

A few years ago a young man in Ohio was 
doing well. He had gained some few hundred 

MONEY. 105 

dollars. But he was smitten with the desire 
to visit the rich gold mines of Pike's Peak. 
There he hoped soon to earn bags of gold. 
He raised all the money he could, bought gro- 
ceries, and started for a new El Dorado. After 
travelling along, he fell in with swarms of hun- 
gry people. They begged as for their lives. If 
he had not given them, they would probably 
have taken all they wanted. His kind feel- 
ings led him to aid them. Soon his groceries 
were all gone. After a long and wearisome 
journey, he returned home with these fruits 
of his expedition, one buffalo calf, caught on 
the plains, and two young wolves. This was the 
amount of his stock on hand. Perhaps he 
may have gained some increase of Avisdom ; 
yet if he did, he certainly paid pretty dearly 
for it. He that maketh haste to be rich, trou- 
bleth his own house. 

How pleasant it is to see people generous 
and liberal. You can hardly ask some men 
to do a kind thing, without their being prompt 
to do it. 

The E,ev. Mr. Rogers, of England, attended 


by an ofEcer of his charcli, called one morning 
at the house of an excellent woman. She was 
a widow, and had recently lost by death a 
pious and beloved daughter. She had but little 
wordly goods. JSTo great gift was expected 
from her. Indeed, they called upon her chiefly 
to show their respect, and not to seem to forget 
her, or despise her mite. To their great surprise, 
however, w^hen their errand was made known, 
she with much promptness and cordiality pre- 
sented them with a large sum. It was so 
large that they felt and expressed doubts about 
accepting it. She put an end to the difficulty 
by saying with much decision, "You must take 
it all ; I had laid it up as a portion for my 
daughter, and I am determined that he who 
has my daughter shall have her portion too." 
Would you be happy? Try to make others 
happy. One of the best ways of getting good 
is by doing good. Always put duty before 
enjoyment. Happiness, like a good name, 
follows right living. Duty is the road. Hap- 
piness is the pleasant city at the end of that 
road. Have you not thought too much of 

MONEY. 107 

your own happiness and too little of that of 
others? He that watereth shall be watered. 
Think of others. Live for others. Perhaps 
it is Chitwood, who says : 

If in one poor bleeding bosom 

I a woe-swept chord have stilled ; 
If a dark and restless spirit 

I with hope of heaven have filled; 
If I've made, for life's hai-d battle, 

One faint heart grow brave and strong ; 
Then, my Grod, I thank thee, bless thee, 

For the precious gift of song. 

Honour Christ with your substance. He 
gave his heart's blood for you. It is a small 
thing that you should give all you have for the 
promotion of his cause. A deaf mute was 
asked, What is gratitude? His reply was, 
"Gratitude is the memory of the heart." 
Have you such a memory of the debt you 
owe to God ? 




My young friends, you cannot too soon 
begin to take heed to your ways. Form some 
rules to guide you in the way of honour; and 
stick to them. Be careful not to adopt wrong 
rules. ''He who lives not by rule, lives not 
at all." Read the lives of great men, and see 
how they put a bridle on themselves, and never 
let your hearts, or words, or acts be the result 
of recklessness or evil passions. 

I find in my drawer the rules of behaviour, 
which after his death were found among the 
papers of Washington, in his own hand-writ- 
ing. It is said they were written at the age 
of thirteen. Here they are: — 

Every action in company ought to be with 
some sign of respect to those present. 

Be no flatterer, neither play with any one 
that delights not to be played with. 


Kead no letter, books or papers in com- 

Come not near the books or papers of another 
so as to read them. 

Look not over another when he is writing 
a letter. 

Let your countenance be cheerful, but in 
serious matters be grave. 

Show not yourself glad at another's mis- 

Let your discourses with others on matters 
of business be short. 

It is good manners to let others speak first. 

Strive not with your superior in argument, 
but be modest. 

When a man does all he can, do not blame 
him, though he succeeds not well. 

Take admonitions thankfully. 

Be not hasty to believe flying reports to the 
injury of another. 

In your dress be modest, and consult your 

It is better to be alone than in bad com- 



Let your conversation be without malice or 

Urge not your friend to discover a secret. 

Break not a jest when none take pleasure 
in mirth. 

Speak not injurious words either in jest or 

Gaze not on the blemishes of others. 

When another speaks, be attentive. 

Be not apt to relate news. 

Be not curious to know the affairs of others. 

Speak not evil of the absent. 

When you speak of God, let it be with rev- 

Labour to keep alive in your heart that 
spark of heavenly fire called conscience. 

If you should live by these rules, could you 
not rise to honour? I hope you will. I wish 
you the best in this world and that which is 
to come. 

Cativy flourished about the fifth century. 
He was the principal of a college in South 
Wales. He was called The Wise. One of 
his pupils was Taliessin, the chief of bards. 


In giving to his scholar his usual blessing, 
he thus spake: — 

Think before thou speakest. 

1. What thou shalt speak. 

2. Why thou shalt speak. 

3. To whom thou mayest have to speak. 

4. About whom thou art going to speak. 

5. What will become of what thou mayest 

6. What may be the benefit of what thou 
shalt speak. 

7. Who may be listening to what thou shalt 

Put thy words on thy fingers, and before 
thou speakest turn them these seven ways, 
and there will never come any harm from 
what thou shalt say. 

I hope you read your Bible every day. 
That is the best of all books. Its rules are 
the wisdom of God. Here are a few things 
said by the w^isest of mere men: 

The fear of the Lord is the beginning of 

My son, if sinners entice thee, consent 


thou not. Trust in the Lord with all thine 
heart; and lean not unto thine own under- 

Be not wise in thine own eyes: fear the 
Lord, and depart from evil. 

Keep thy heart with all diligence; for out 
of it are the issues of life. 

Keep my commandments, and live; and my 
law as the apple of thine eye. 

Hear instruction, and be wise, and refuse it 

Forsake the foolish, and live; and go in 
the way of understanding. 

Better it is to be of an humble spirit with 
the lowly, than to divide the spoil with the 

Look not thou upon the wine when it is 
red, when it giveth his colour in the cup, 
when it moveth itself aright. 

If thine enemy be hungry, give him bread 
to eat; and if he be thirsty, give him water 
to drink: for thou shalt heap coals of fire 
upon his head, and the Lord shall reward 


The apostle James in very few words gives 
three excellent rules: "Swift to hear, slow to 
speak, slow to wrath." 

The Saviour of sinners says three things 
of the greatest importance to the young: 

I love them that love me; and those that 
seek me early shall find me. 

Seek ye first the kingdom of God and 
his righteousness: and all these things shall 
be added unto you. 

All things whatsoever ye would that men 
should do to you, do ye even so them. 

He that will do as the Saviour directs shall 
live piously and die happily. Nothing but holy 
living makes certain happy-dying. In com- 
pany one day, the Rev. John Newton spoke 
of the death of a lady. A young female who 
sat near, said, "Oh, sir, how did she die?" 
NeAvton replied, " There is a more important 
question than that, my dear, which you should 
have asked first." "Sir," said she, "what 
question can be more important than how did 
she die?" "How did she livef^ was Newton's 

10 * 




There is a race of beings in heaven who 
are often sent by God on errands of mercy or 
of justice. They are called angels. Both in 
Hebrew and Greek, the word angel means 
messenger. Sometimes angels are spoken of 
as thrones, dominions, principalities and 
powers. Sometimes they are called living 
ones, because they are so full of life and 
energy. Sometimes they are called cherubim 
or knowing ones, and seraphim or burning 

Angels were created before men. Then 
they were put on trial, some of them kept not 
their first estate, but fell into sin. How many 
sinned, we do not know, but the number was 


large. A legion of them possessed one man 
when Christ was on earth. 

Angels are pure spirits. They have no 
bodies; ahhough sometimes they have as- 
sumed bodies on special occasions. Their 
number is very great. The chariots of God 
are twenty thousand, even thousands of angels.* 
Jesus said that if he had asked his Father, he 
would have at once sent him twelve legions 
of angels to deliver him from his enemies. 
Taking a legion at six thousand, the number 
here named would be seventy-two thousand. 
On the day of judgment, angels shall be the 
reapers to gather the harvest of the world. 

Their power is very great. They "excel 
in strength." In one night one angel de- 
stroyed all the first-born of man and beast 
among the Egyptians. In one night an angel 
destroyed one hundred and eighty-five thou- 
sand men in Sennacherib's army. So we read 
in the Scriptures of "mighty angels." 

Their glory is very great. In the days of 

* Paul saj'^s, we are come to an innumerable company of 


John, one of these angels came down from 
heaven, and his radiance shone with such 
brightness that his glor}^ lighted the earth. 
John thought it was an appearance of God 
himself. No doubt if an angel should appear 
in his unveiled glory in any assembly on 
earth, they would all become as dead men. 

The residence of these holy beings is 
heaven. They are called angels of heaven. 
Jacob saw them descending and ascending on 
a ladder. Christ himself says, "They do 
always behold the face of my Father which 
is in heaven." 

Angels never grow old. At the resurrec- 
tion of our Saviour, an angel was seen in his 
sepulchre and he looked like a young man, 
though he was certainly more than four thou- 
sand years old. 

Angels know much. As they came from 
the hand of God they had fine minds; and 
they have alw^ays loved knowledge. They 
have travelled a great deal and seen many 
parts of the world. And then they have 
thought much on what they have seen and 


heard. And they have always thought cor- 
rectly. They are indeed not wise as compared 
with God, for he chargeth his angels with 
folly. But they are very wise compared with 

Angels feel a lively interest in the cause of 
Christ. They always have done so. When 
God brought his Son into the world, he said, 
"Let all the angels of God worship him." 
Before Christ was born he sometimes appeared 
on earth with one or more of the angels with 
him. Isaiah says that he saw in a vision the 
Son of God worsliipped by the seraphim with 
the greatest humility. An angel announced 
his conception. Another announced his birth. 
Many angels sang a song in the hearing of men 
when Christ was born. After his temptation, 
angels came and ministered unto him. In 
his last dreadful agony, an angel strengthened 
him. When he ascended to heaven, a great 
number of angels received him. 

The angels are ministering spirits, sent forth 
to minister to them who shall be heirs of sal- 
vation. Some have thought every saint had 


a guardian angel, who took special charge of 
him. This may or may not be so. But every 
child of God is cared for by the angels as 
much as is necessary. God said to his people 
that his angels should bear them up in their 
hands lest at any time they should dash their 
foot against a stone. The angel of the Lord 
encampeth around about the dwelling of the 
just. Angels repelled those wicked men who 
assaulted the house of righteous Lot. Angels 
help the pious to die. Angels bear the spirits 
of the just to heaven. 

But angels have a special care of children. 
Matt, xviii. 10. Many a time would they 
fall and be broken, but the angels hold them 
up. When their father and mother are asleep, 
the angels watch by their cradle and keep 
harm at a distance. Many a house would be 
burned down through the carelessness of its 
inmates, if it were not for the angels. It is true 
we cannot see them, but they can see us. We 
know not when they are present with us, ex- 
cept as we find so good care taken of us. We 
do not thank them for their kindness, because 


they are God's servants. We thank God for 
them. What they do for us, they do out of 
love to God. They wish God to have all the 
glory. They are not vain like poor foolish 

If we die in the faith, we shall be like unto 
the angels. One text says, We shall be equal 
unto the angels. We shall certainly be with 
them and share the bliss they enjoy. It will 
be a wonderful day when God will send forth 
his angels to gather all his elect from the four 
winds of heaven and bring them in to unite 
in the marriage supper of the Lamb. Are we 
so living as to prepare us for that great and so- 
lemn account ? 




I. Live in peace. Hate all strife. It is a 
dreadful thing to live at war with those around 
us. Be kind to everybody. If you cannot 
live quietly with any one of your com- 
panions, withdraw from him. It is a sad 
sight to see little boys and girls engaged in 
disputes or quarrels. Jesus never quarreled 
with any body. 

II. Be very kind to the weak, the poor, 
and the unfortunate around you. God, long 
a o, said, "Ye shall not afflict any widow, or 
fatherless child." Ex. xxii. 22. He also said, 
"Thou shalt not curse the deaf, nor put a 
stumbling-block before the blind." Lev. xix. 
14. It is both mean and wicked to take ad- 
vantage of the infirmities and misfortunes of 
those around us. 


III. Use your best efforts to become wise. 
Wisdom is the principal thing; therefore get 
.wisdom. If you do not know a thing, ask 
others. This is Scriptural. God said to the 
Jews : " When your children shall say to you, 
what mean ye by this service? ye shall say, 
it is the sacrifice of the Lord's passover," &c. 
We should think before we speak, and not 
thoughtlessly ask silly questions; but if a 
child never asks a question till he knows it is 
wise, he will probably die a fool. Better is a 
poor and wise child than an old and foolish 

IV. Watch your lips. Keep your tongue 
from evil, and your mouth from speaking guile. 
Life and death are in the power of the tongue. 
Think before you speak. Ask yourself if it 
is right for you to say anything; then try to 
speak kindly and truly and soberly. It is a 
sad sight to see a child uttering nothing but 
folly. Childhood and youth spent in sin are a 
great vanity. Beware of evil speaking. 

V. Be not too fond of play. Life is a seri- 
ous business. It is right that children should 



have their time to play. But some hate work 
and hate their booivs, and love their ease and 
would be glad to play all the time. Learn to 
find your joy in doing your duty. It may be 
hard for you to do some things, but try your 
best, and by degrees they will become easier. 

VI. Children sometimes have foolish and 
wicked parents. Job tells of such: "They 
were children of fools, yea, children of base 
men. They were viler than the earth." Job 
XXX. 8. If such is your case, your trials may 
be very great. But do all you can to show a 
meek and quiet spirit, a tender and loving 
heart. If your parents are wicked, pray for 
them the more. Ask God to forgive them. 
If you yourself are a Christian, that does not 
exempt you from the obligation of reverencing 
your parents. 

YII. Obey your parents. Obey them 
promptly, cheerfully, in all things that are 
lawful. I hope they would not command you 
to do a wicked thing. If they should, you 
must not do it. "Children, obey your parents 
in the Lord : for this is right. Honour thy 


father and mother; that it may be Avell with 
thee, and thou mayest live long on the earth." 
Eph. vi. 1-3. " Children, obey your parents 
in all things: for this is well-pleasiiig unto 
the Lord." Col. iii. 20. 

YIII. As you grow up, try to put away 
childish things, 1 Cor. xiii. 11. As it is a 
shame for a child to ape the ways of old peo- 
ple, so it is a shame for grown-up people to think 
and speak and act like little children. 

IX. Let your conduct towards God be very 
humble. We are all sinners, and you are no 
exception. God hates a lofty spirit. We 
ought all to be humble, and never lift up our 
heads in pride. 

X. Be thankful to God. He has done a 
great deal for you. What a mercy it is that 
he did not let loose the passions of bad men 
against you, as he did against those children 
in Bethlehem, Avhen a voice was heard, lamen- 
tation, and weeping, and great mourning, 
Rachel weeping for her children and would 
not be comforted, because they were not. 

XL Be very kind and respectful to old 


people. N^ever make fun of them. Their 
age itself should protect tliem. You remem- 
ber the children that mocked the old prophet, 
Elisha, crying, "Go up, thou bald-head; go 
up, thou bald-head." And you remember 
how God sent forth two she bears out of the 
wood, and tore forty and two children of 
them. Children may often be gay without 
any sin ; but let them never make merry over 
the ap})ea ranee or infirmities of old people, 
and especially of aged ministers. 

XII. Remember that however long you 
nvjy live, you must die at last. You may 
die even in childhood. David fasted and 
went in and lay all night upon the earth and 
prayed that hi^ 'ttle child might live. But it 
died, and so m^;^ ^. .^. 

XIII. Do all you can to be like Jesus 
Christ. He was the best model that children 
ever had. He is the best friend they now 
have. When on earth, he cured sick children 
just as he cured other people. Oh, that every 
body, old and young, would trust the Saviour. 

XIV. Xor is childhood any excuse for not 


doing our duty. When God called Jeremiah 
to do a great work, he begged to be excused, 
saying, I am a child. But God said unto him, 
"Say not 1 am a child." It is safe for old or 
young to do anything that God bids them. 
It is very unsafe for them not to do what he 
commands. If God were to require any one 
of us to rule a world, the only safe way for 
us to do, would be honestly to try. We 
may be young and ignorant, but let us not be 
wicked and rebellious. Jeremiah gave up his 
objection, made in undoubted modesty, and 
went and did as God bade him. It is a pity 
that so many plead their childhood to the 
hurt of their own souls. 

Sometimes when a child c ^' its sin against 
God or man, he pleads as a^i ■ couse that he is 
but a child. But to him that knoweth to do 
good and doeth it not, to him it is sin, whether 
he is old or young. Children must give ac- 
count to God as well as others. His law binds 
them fast. It is true they are not expected 
to do the work of grown-up people; just as 
grown men are not required to do the work of 
11 * 


angels. But let all do the best they can. Let 
them hate sin and flee from evil. Let them 
do right and seek truth and serve God and 
obey their parents, and not plead that they 
are too young to do these things. If they are 
old enough to plead against doing their duty, 
they are old enough to do it. 

( Guide of all who trust in thee, 

Condescend my friend to be, 
Whilst I tread earth's pilgrimage 
Through my youth to oldest age ; 
Lord, attend me night and day, 
Suffer not my feet to stray. 

To my understanding show 
What is for my good to know, 
By thy teaching may I shun 
Paths in which the wicked run j 
Guide me in that better road 
Leading up to thy abode. 

Abba, Father, God of love. 
From thy throne of light above, 
'Midst the hymns thine angels raise, 
'Mongst the songs which show thy praise, 
Hear my feeble, humble plea, 
In thy love remember me.